This implementation describes how to use the Setup utility to configure two new BIG-IP® devices that function as an active-active pair. An active-active pair is a pair of BIG-IP devices configured so that both devices are actively processing traffic and are ready to take over one another if failover occurs. The two devices synchronize their configuration data to one another.
Using this implementation, you begin by running the Setup utility on each device to configure its base network components. Base network components include a management port, administrative passwords, and default VLANs and their associated self IP addresses. You also use Setup to configure configuration synchronization and high availability.
You then use the BIG-IP® Configuration utility to:
In this configuration, both devices actively process application traffic, each for a different application. One device processes its application traffic using the configuration objects associated with the default floating traffic group, traffic-group-1. By default, this traffic group contains the floating self IP addresses of the default VLANs. The other device processes its application traffic using a second traffic group that you create.
If one of the devices becomes unavailable for any reason, the other device automatically begins processing traffic for the unavailable peer, while continuing to process the traffic for its own application.
This illustration shows an example of the device group that this implementation creates, named Device Group A. This device group contains two BIG-IP devices, Device 1 and Device 2.
The configuration shows two traffic groups, traffic-group-1 and traffic-group-2, each containing failover objects. For traffic-group-1, Device 1 is the default device. For traffic-group-2, Device 2 is the default device. If Device 1 becomes unavailable, traffic-group-1 floats to Device 2. If Device 2 becomes unavailable, traffic-group-2 floats to Device 1.
Device group with active-active configuration
By implementing this configuration, you ensure that:
The BIG-IP® configuration process begins with running the Setup utility on each of the two BIG-IP devices. Once you have completed that task, you can log into either of the BIG-IP devices and perform all of the remaining tasks, on that device only. This results in both BIG-IP devices being configured properly for an active-active implementation.
Before you begin this task, verify that:
You perform this task to establish trust among devices on one or more network segments. Devices that trust each other constitute the local trust domain. A device must be a member of the local trust domain prior to joining a device group.
By default, the BIG-IP software includes a local trust domain with one member, which is the local device. You can choose any one of the BIG-IP devices slated for a device group and log into that device to add other devices to the local trust domain. For example, devices Bigip_1, Bigip_2, and Bigip_3 each initially shows only itself as a member of the local trust domain. To configure the local trust domain to include all three devices, you can simply log into device Bigip_1 and add devices Bigip_2 and Bigip_3 to the local trust domain; there is no need to repeat this process on devices Bigip_2 and Bigip_3.
You perform this task when you want the selected traffic group on the local device to fail over to another device (that is, switch to a Standby state). Users typically perform this task when no automated method is configured for a traffic group, such as auto-failback or an HA group. By forcing the traffic group into a Standby state, the traffic group becomes active on another device in the device group. For device groups with more than two members, you can choose the specific device to which the traffic group fails over.
To summarize, you now have the following BIG-IP® configuration on each device of the pair: