Original Publication Date: 07/17/2017
These release notes document the version 13.0.0 release of BIG-IP Application Security Manager (ASM). You can apply the software upgrade to systems running software versions 11.x or 12.x.
This version of the software is supported on the following platforms:
|Platform name||Platform ID|
|BIG-IP 6900 FIPS||D104|
|BIG-IP 11050, 11050 NEBS||E102|
|BIG-IP 2000 Series (2000s, 2200s)||C112|
|BIG-IP 4000 Series (4000s, 4200v)||C113|
|BIG-IP 5000 Series (5000s, 5050s, 5200v, 5250v)||C109|
|BIG-IP 7000 Series (7000s, 7050s, 7055, 7200v, 7250v, 7255)||D110|
|BIG-IP 10050 Series (10150s-NEBS, 10350v (AC), 10350v-NEBS, 10350v-FIPS)||D112|
|BIG-IP 10000 Series (10000s, 10050s, 10055, 10200v, 10250v, 10255)||D113|
|BIG-IP 12000 Series (12250v)||D111|
|BIG-IP i2000 Series (i2600, i2800)||C117|
|BIG-IP i4000 Series (i4600, i4800)||C115|
|BIG-IP i5000 Series (i5600, i5800)||C119|
|BIG-IP i7000 Series (i7600, i7800)||C118|
|BIG-IP i10000 Series (i10600, i10800)||C116|
|VIPRION B2100 Blade||A109|
|VIPRION B2150 Blade||A113|
|VIPRION B2250 Blade||A112|
|VIPRION B4300, B4340N Blade||A108, A110|
|VIPRION B4450 Blade||A114|
|VIPRION C2200 Chassis||D114|
|VIPRION C2400 Chassis||F100|
|VIPRION C4480, C4480N Chassis||J102, J103|
|VIPRION C4800, C4800N Chassis||S100, S101|
|Virtual Edition (VE)||Z100|
These platforms support various licensable combinations of product modules. This section provides general guidelines for module support.
Most of the support guidelines relate to memory. The following list applies for all memory levels:
All licensable module-combinations may be run on platforms with 12 GB or more of memory, and on VE and vCMP guests provisioned with 12 GB or more of memory. Note that this does not mean that all modules may be simultaneously provisioned on all platforms with 12 GB or more of memory. The BIG-IP license for the platform determines which combination of modules are available for provisioning.
The following guidelines apply to the BIG-IP 2000s, 2200s, 6900 platforms and to VE guests configured with 8 GB of memory. (A vCMP guest provisioned with 8 GB of memory has less than 8 GB of memory actually available and thus does not fit in this category.)
The following guidelines apply to platforms, and to VE and vCMP guests provisioned with less than 8 GB and more than 4 GB of memory. (A vCMP guest provisioned with 8 GB of memory has less than 8 GB of memory actually available and thus fits in this category.)
The following guidelines apply to VE instances provisioned with 4 GB or less of memory.
The amount of memory provisioned to a vCMP guest is calculated using the following formula: (platform_memory- 3 GB) x (cpus_assigned_to_guest / total_cpus).
As an example, for the B2100 with two guests, provisioned memory calculates as: (16-3) x (2/4) ~= 6.5 GB.
The BIG-IP Configuration Utility supports these browsers and versions:
K14592: Compatibility of BIG-IQ products with BIG-IP releases provides a summary of version compatibility for specific features between the BIG-IQ system and BIG-IP releases.
For a comprehensive list of documentation that is relevant to this release, refer to the BIG-IP ASM / VE 13.0.0 Documentation page.
For a comprehensive list of fixes, behavior changes, and known issues for this release, refer to the BIG-IP 13.0.0 Release Information page.
This release includes the following new items.
Layered policies are not meant to prevent a user from bypassing a parent-level policy but, rather, to make it easier to enforce policies from a single point. When a parent policy marks a feature as optional, each child security policy has the option of accepting the setting or setting their own child value to the feature. By accepting the parent feature setting, the feature becomes Mandatory for the child policy. A user with the role of Application Security Editor will not be able to create or edit parent security policies.
Learning suggestions which are derived from a Mandatory inheritance are propagated back to the parent policy.
Client reputation contributes to an enhanced security policy enforcement and the prevention of false positive alerts. An integrated client reputation mechanism was added to help the ASM administrator better decide on when to accept a suggestion. Knowing who to trust speeds up the learning process and reduces false positives from the policy while also avoiding erroneously learning from true attackers.
The Client Reputation score is used to prevent learning from malicious sources, e.g. vulnerability scanners, and improve the learning speed from benign sources. By using Client Reputation, Policy Builder generate more reliable suggestions and a safer policy.
A policy includes a list of the most frequent entities and includes a wildcard entity (*) to represent infrequent entities. This results in a smaller policy with up to 50 files types, 100 parameters and 100 URLs.
The JSON profile now includes a new flag: parse parameters. The flag is ON by default. The parameters will be extracted if the flag is set and a JSON profile is attached to the URL or parameter. Any sensitive data, attack signatures or meta character exclusions that are defined in the JSON profile are now enforced with any similar items defined in parameters. The entire JSON profile is parsed and tokenized to parameters. The enforcement moves to the parameters and is done according to the configuration of the wildcard or explicit entity that is matched.
Prior to BIG-IP system version 13.0, Form Data content type was assumed for HTTP requests content by default. This resulted in wrong parsing of XML and JSON content. Policy Builder would generate parameters that look like fragments of XML or JSON. To solve this issue, the user had to configure content classification based on Content-Type header manually for all relevant URLs in application.
In 13.0, classification of request content works seamlessly for most common content types (Form Data, JSON and XML). Classification is done with predefined Header-Based Content Profiles.
A wildcard URL is defined with the Header-Based Content Profiles. Classification is supported both in Manual and Automatic Policy Builder modes.
ASM now has the ability to update signatures with testing but without having to take active policies back to staging.
In previous versions, you had two options when updating signatures: either set the updated signature back to staging, thus weakening the security of the policy, or enforce the updated signature without testing it in production.
ASM now includes the ability to automatically detect server technologies behind the BIG-IP system. During learning, ASM will detect used server technologies and suggest adding the detected server technologies to the user's security policy. Accepting the server technology suggestions tightens the ASM security policy by enabling specific technologies and their associated signatures to be added to the ASM policy.
When creating a new security policy using either the Comprehensive or Fundamental templates, the Server Technologies features is enabled by default. See Security > Application Security > Policy Building > Learning and Blocking Settings.
Following an upgrade, Server Technologies detection is disabled.
The Analytics DoS Dashboard and Analysis pages provide the administrator with the option to drill down and filter the various attacks to better understand the source of the attacks and, therefore, take the appropriate action against the attacks. The administrator can view and filter both historic or real time updates.
The ASM log configuration GUI was improved to make it more aligned with BIG-IQ.
ASM now supports the ability to disable individual attack signatures on HTTP headers, wildcard URLs and wildcard headers (*). By adding this support, you do not have to disable the full signatures check and the open the application to attacks in order to avoid an attack signature check.
The same virtual server predictive latency is now used for BADoS and Layer 7 DoS. This allows them to have the same trigger for stress and attack detection.
The BADoS whitelist/blacklist behavior is aligned now with the other Layer 7 protection modules. This provides administrators with the ability to exclude whitelist members from statistics collection, anomaly detection and mitigation. This feature also supports anomaly detection of X-Forwarded-For (XFF) HTTP headers
BADos now displays information regarding why clients are declared bad actors. The reason is presented in human readable codes.
Attackers are now identified and marked as bad actors after their first appearance. This allows for better policy enforcement when an attacker reappears thus sparing the remitigation process from BADoS, as was previously the process.
Automatic threshold tuning is now included in Layer 7 DoS TPS-based Detection and Stress-based Detection. The calculated thresholds are per virtual server and DoS profile. The algorithms used with manually configured DoS is unchanged.
Thresholds for the top 20 geo-locations are calculated for each hour of the day, e.g. 00:00-01:00, 01:00-02:00. An additional threshold is calculated for other geo-locations for each hour of the day. This algorithm is used in both TPS-based Detection and Stress-based Detection.
All automatically tuned thresholds may be displayed using the tmctl command.
This document covers very basic steps for installing the software. You can find complete, step-by-step installation and upgrade instructions in BIG-IP Systems: Upgrading Software, and we strongly recommend that you reference this information to ensure successful completion of the installation process.
Before you begin:
|Install to existing volume, migrate source configuration to destination||tmsh install sys software image [image name] volume [volume name]|
|Install from the browser-based Configuration utility||Use the Software Management screens in a web browser.|
The following command installs version 13.0.0 to volume 3 of the main hard drive.
tmsh install sys software image BIGIP-18.104.22.168.0.1645.iso volume HD1.3
Your upgrade process differs depending on the version of software you are currently running.
When you upgrade from version 11.x or later, you use the Software Management screens in the Configuration utility to complete these steps. To open the Software Management screens, in the navigation pane of the Configuration utility, expand System, and click Software Management. For information about using the Software Management screens, see the online help.
You cannot roll forward a configuration directly to this version from BIG-IP version 10.x or earlier. You must be running version 11.x (or later) software. For details about upgrading from earlier versions, see the release notes for the associated release.
If this version includes new firmware for your specific hardware platform, after you install and activate this version, the system might reboot additional times to perform all necessary firmware upgrades.
When you upgrade from an earlier versions of the software, you might need to know about or take care of these configuration-specific issues.
|588946||You can install v11.5.4 on the 12250v platform, but are unable to license BIG-IP. This is because v11.5.4 is not supported on the 12250v platform. Install BIG-IP v11.5.4 on a 12250v platform. BIG-IP v11.5.4 is not supported on the 12250v platform. Even though installation succeeds, it is not possible to license BIG-IP system. Workaround: Install a supported version of BIG-IP on the 12250v. Supported versions are 11.6.0 HF2 or later and 12.0.0 or later.|
|223704||When you import a single configuration file (SCF file) that contain VLANs of the same name that exist in different administrative partitions, the operation fails with a unknown operation error. Upgrading configurations with VLANs of the same name in different administrative partitions. Upgrade operation fails with a unknown operation error. Workaround: Before installing an SCF file, run the command: tmsh load sys config default. This returns the system to the default configuration, so subsequent configuration import operations should succeed as expected.|
|513501||When upgrading from a version prior to 11.5.0 to 11.5.0 or newer, the configuration might fail to load with an error similar to the following: LSN pool is configured with a prefix address that overlaps with a prefix address on another LSN pool. "On versions prior to 11.5.0, tmsh allowed users to configure overlapping DNAT and NAPT pools, even though this configuration is invalid and non-functional. Version 11.5.0 and later contain validation to prohibit such configurations. However, when upgrading versions newer than 11.5.0, a configuration that contains overlapping DNAT and NAPT pools fails to load." Configuration fails to load on upgrade. Workaround: Edit bigip.conf and locate the overlapping LSN pools. Either remove one of the pools or change the mode on the DNAT pool to NAPT.|
|571333||When a VIP is configured with a fastl4 profile that enables full acceleration and offload state to embryonic, and if a flow is offloaded to be hardware accelerated, the connection idle timeout during the TCP handshake is set to the "idle timeout" value of the fastl4 profile, but it should be set to the "tcp handshake timeout" instead. "1. Configure fastl4 profile with ePVA=full, offload state=SYN, apply to network VS 2. Ensure ARP entry exists for server node (static arp, ping, etc.) to satisfy requirements for offloading initial SYN 3. Send over SYN packet from client to server via VS" The connection may remain in the half-open state longer than what is set in the TCP handshake timeout value. Workaround: Set the offload state to "established"|
|436075||Using syslog include field when the command 'syslog-ng -s' does not succeed before the upgrade. Using syslog include field. It is possible to roll forward an include field with invalid syntax. This will cause the configuration to fail to load. Workaround: When using the syslog include field, ensure that the command 'syslog-ng -s' succeeds before the upgrade.|
|581932||Upgrading to a newer version of the BIG-IP software removes the signatures that were installed using an IM signature package, and returns app signatures to the default version. "- New '.im' signature package installed manually using the BIG-IP GUI or tmsh. This adds extra applications and categories to the default signatures. - TMOS software upgraded to a newer version, for example installing a rollup hotfix or an engineering ho" "After rebooting into the new software volume, all the additional categories and applications are gone but the signature package is still showing as installed. This makes a simple re-installation of the new .im signature package impossible. The applications and categories are actually back to default settings for version 11.6.0." Workaround:
"1. After rebooting into the new software volume, open the bigip.conf file with a text editor and remove all the configurations from the 'ltm classification signature-version' stanza:
|415961||The upgrade process does not migrate unassigned HTTP Class profiles to BIG-IP 11.4.0 and later When you upgrade a BIG-IP system to BIG-IP 11.4.0 or later, the upgrade process attempts to convert all assigned HTTP Class profiles to their equivalent local traffic policies. If an HTTP Class profile is not assigned to a virtual server, the upgrade process will not perform the conversion and the unassigned HTTP Class profile will no longer exist in the configuration of the upgraded BIG-IP system. Similarly, if you restore a UCS archive that contains unassigned HTTP Class profiles in BIG-IP 11.4.0 and later, the restoration process will not convert the unassigned HTTP Class profiles and these profiles will no longer exist. This behavior is by design. You might lose unused HTTP Class profiles in the configuration. Workaround: "When upgrading to BIG-IP 11.4.0 and later or saving a UCS archive from a pre-11.4.0 system, you should consider the following factor: Prior to upgrading or saving a UCS archive, ensure that all HTTP Class profiles are assigned to a virtual server."|
|401828||The following configurations are invalid for a SIP virtual server: a) TCP virtual server with a UDP profile and a SIP profile. b) UDP virtual server with a TCP profile and a SIP profile. TCP virtual server with a UDP profile and a SIP profile, or a UDP virtual server with a TCP profile and a SIP profile. If such a configuration exists in previous versions, it loads in 11.3.x but may cause a core. Workaround: "Fix the configuration manually, as follows: a) A SIP TCP virtual server must have TCP as one of its profile type. b) A SIP UDP virtual server must have UDP as one of its profile type."|
|490139||Loading iRules from the iRules file deletes last few comment lines immediately preceding the closing bracket. This occurs when loading an iRule file from versions prior to 11.5.1. Although the comments are removed, this does not affect iRule functionality. Workaround: Put comments in places other than immediately above the closing bracket.|
|496663||iRule object in non-Common partition referenced from another partition results in upgrade/configuration load failure in 11.x/12.x. This occurs when upgrading/loading a configuration containing an iRule in one non-Common partition that references an object in another non-Common partition. A configuration of this type can be saved only using pre-11.x versions of the software. The config upgrade fails, and the UCS/configuration files cannot be loaded. The system posts an error message similar to the following: 'myucs.ucs' failed with the following error message: 'Rule [/UNCOMMONPARTITION/RULEABC] error: Unable to find rule_object (...) referenced at line xyz: [element]'. Workaround: None.|
|532559||If the client-ssl profile is /Common/clientssl, its parent profile is supposed to be /Common/clientssl. But the configuration could potentially use 'defaults-from none'. "This condition could be caused by executing the following command when generating the configuration. 'tmsh modify ltm profile client-ssl clientssl defaults-from none'" The upgrade fails after booting into the new release, during the config loading phase. This occurs because the script extracts the line 'defaults-from none' and treats 'none' as its parent profile. Workaround: Edit the configuration prior to upgrading, changing the defaults-from value on the client-ssl profile to the name of that profile.|
|449617||If a configuration file includes a passphrase for an ssl-key file object, the object may fail to validate when loading the configuration. Passphrase present in ssl-key file object Configuration fails to load Workaround: Remove passphrase line from the file object.|
|586878||"During upgrade, configuration fails to load due to invalid clientssl profile cert/key configuration. The validation to verify whether at least one valid key/cert pair exists in clientssl profiles was enforced in software versions through 11.5.0. This validation was not in effect in versions 11.5.1, 11.5.2, and 11.5.3. The lack of validation resulted in invalid clientssl profiles (those containing empty key/certs or a cert/key of 'default'). When you upgrade such a configuration to 11.5.4 or later, you will receive a validation error, and the configuration will fail to load after upgrade." "The issue occurs when all the below conditions are met.
1. You have a clientssl profile in a configuration from a version without validation (that is, 11.5.1, 11.5.2, or 11.5.3).
|435482||"BIG-IP configuration object names that include a space may cause an upgrade or user configuration set (UCS) load to fail. As a result of this issue, you may encounter the following symptoms: Your attempts to upgrade the BIG-IP system or load a UCS fail. After loading a UCS file or upgrading from a configuration that has object names with spaces on BIG-IP 11.4.0 or a later version, the Configuration utility displays an error message similar to the following example: The configuration has not yet loaded. If this message persists, it may indicate a configuration problem. After loading a UCS file that has configuration object names that include spaces on BIG-IP 11.4.0 or a later version, a message appears similar to following example: Unexpected Error: Configuration cannot be saved unless mcpd is in the running phase. Save was canceled. See 'show sys mcp' and 'show sys service'. If 'show sys service' indicates that mcpd is in the run state, but 'show sys mcp' is not in phase running, issue the command 'load sys config' to further diagnose the problem." "This issue occurs when one of the following conditions is met: You attempt to upgrade a BIG-IP system from 11.3.0, or an earlier version, with a configuration that has configuration object names with spaces. You attempt to load a BIG-IP 11.3.0 or earlier UCS file, that has configuration object names with spaces, on BIG-IP 11.4.0 or a later version." The BIG-IP system upgrade or UCS load fails. Workaround: "To work around this issue, you can boot back to the previous BIG-IP 11.3.0 or earlier version and rename all affected configuration objects to exclude spaces before upgrading or saving a UCS file. Impact of workaround: Performing the suggested workaround should not have a negative impact on your system."|
|489015||An LTM request-log profile that references a non-existent pool can pass validation in 11.0.0 or 11.1.0, but fails in 11.2.0 or later, with an error similar to the following: 'The requested Pool (/Common/poolname) was not found.' "This issue occurs when all of the following conditions are met: The UCS file has a Request Logging profile configuration with at least one of the following conditions: A Request Logging profile references a non-existent pool. A Request Logging profile references a pool in a non-default administrative partition without specifying the path to the /<partition>/<pool>. You upgrade from 11.0.0 or 11.1.0 to 11.2.0 or later and roll forward the configuration. You attempt to load an affected UCS created on 11.0.0 or 11.1.0 to a system running 11.2.0 or later." This can cause a load failure when rolling forward the configuration. Workaround: Correct the request-log profile in the config either prior to upgrade or by editing the config after.|
If you upgrade from an earlier version of ASM, note the following issues.
The Application Security Manager supports .ucs files from versions 10.1.0 and later of the Application Security Manager. Additionally, you may import policies exported from versions 10.1.0 and later of the Application Security Manager.
Warning: With the introduction of the Local Traffic Policies feature in BIG-IP version 11.4.0, HTTP Class iRule events and commands are no longer available. If you plan to upgrade to 11.4.0 or later, and your configuration contains an iRule that uses an HTTP class iRule event or command, please read SOL14381: HTTP Class iRule events and commands are no longer available in BIG-IP 11.4.0 and later.
Warning: Local Traffic Policies do not support regular expressions for matching. While the upgrade process is able to migrate simple glob expressions, manual administrator intervention is required in order to ensure that the policies are properly configured. If you plan to upgrade to 11.4.0 or later, and your configuration contains regular expressions or glob expressions, please read SOL14409: The HTTP Class profile is no longer available in BIG-IP 11.4.0 and later.
Important: The system creates its internal cookie in versions 10.2.4 and later (including all versions of 11.x) differently than in versions prior to 10.2.4. As a result, while upgrading your system from a version prior to 10.2.4 to version 10.2.4 or later, the system will produce the Modified ASM Cookie violation for existing browser sessions. If the security policy has the Modified ASM Cookie violation enabled and set to block traffic when this violation occurs, after upgrading to version 10.2.4 or later, the system will block traffic to the web application. However, since the TS cookie is a session cookie, the system will block traffic only until the browser session ends (the end-user restarts the browser). To prevent the security policy from blocking traffic until the end-user’s browser is restarted, before upgrading to version 10.2.4 or later, we recommend you disable the security policy from blocking the Modified ASM Cookie violation, upgrade, and wait long enough to allow all users to restart their browsers (two weeks are expected to be enough). After enabling the violation, we recommend you monitor the logs. If the Modified ASM Cookie violation appears, consider disabling the violation again for a longer period of time, or communicate to the users to restart their browsers.
If you upgrade or import a security policy from a version prior to 11.6.0, the system automatically enables the following HTTP protocol compliance-failed sub-violations, even if they were previously disabled:
You can manually disable these violations after the upgrade or import.
In version 11.4.0, local traffic policies replace HTTP Classes. When you create an ASM security policy, the system automatically creates a default Layer 7 local traffic policy. Note the following changes that occur to your system after upgrading from a version prior to 11.4.0:
As a result of changes made to the signing of ASM cookies, performing a clean upgrade may result in cookie violations and blocked traffic. To prevent these, F5 recommends that you perform the following actions before upgrading:
After upgrading, users must synchronize their Cookie Protection settings in the following cases:
After upgrading, the system performs the following:
There was a check box for enabling web scraping that was removed in version 11.3.0.
In versions prior to 11.3.0, if the Dynamic Brute Force Protection Operation Mode was Blocking, and the security policy’s Enforcement Mode was Transparent, the system blocked brute force attacks. In order to keep functionality after upgrading, the system continues to block brute force attacks if you upgrade to versions 11.3.0 or later, under these circumstances. However, in versions 11.3.0 and later, the functionality changed so that if the security policy’s Enforcement Mode is Transparent, so the system does not block brute force attacks even if the Dynamic Brute Force Protection Operation Mode setting is Alarm and Block (previously Blocking).
In versions 11.3.0 and later, DoS profiles are assigned to virtual servers. Previously, they were assigned to security policies.
In versions 11.3.0 and later, logging profiles are assigned to virtual servers. Previously, they were assigned to security policies. Upon upgrading logging profiles from versions prior to 11.3.0, all active security policies have their logging profile settings migrated and assigned to the virtual server associated with the HTTP Class. If a virtual server had more than one HTTP Class assigned to it, it inherits the settings of the last in the list.
In versions prior to 11.3.0, DoS profiles used the Trust XFF setting that was a security policy setting. The Trust XFF setting was renamed Accept XFF, and moved from a security policy property to a property of the HTTP profile. If you upgrade a DoS profile and a security policy with the Trust XFF setting enabled, after the upgrade, the new XFF configuration setting is disabled. If you want the DoS profile to continue trusting XFF, navigate to screen, and enable the Accept XFF setting.
In version 11.2 we unified various whitelists for Policy Builder trusted IP addresses, and anomaly whitelists (DoS Attack Prevention, Brute Force Attack Prevention, and Web Scraping Detection) into a single list. When you upgrade, these separate lists are unified to a single whitelist (called the IP Address Exceptions List).
After you install a .ucs (user configuration set) file that was exported from version 10.1.0 or later, the system does not automatically apply changes that you made, but did not apply, to the security policies. The system enforces the web application according to the settings of the last set active security policy. However, the system preserves any changes to the current edited security policy, and marks the security policy as modified [M] if the changes have not been applied.
If you are running Application Security Manager on a vCMP system: For best performance, F5 recommends configuring remote logging to store ASM logs remotely on Syslog servers rather than locally.
After upgrading or installing a new version, before you can use the Application Security Manager, you must set the Application Security Manager resource provisioning level to Nominal. You can do this from the command line, or using the Configuration utility.
When Application Security Manager (ASM) is provisioned, the datasync-global-dg device-group is automatically created (even if there are no device-groups on the unit) in any of the following scenarios:
This device group is used to synchronize client-side scripts and cryptographic keys across all of the devices in the trust-domain.
Note the following:
For BIG-IP version 11.6.0, F5 Networks tested the anti-virus feature on the following ICAP servers: McAfee®, Trend Micro™, Symantec™, and Kaspersky. The following table displays which version of each anti-virus vendor was tested, and the value of the virus_header_name variable that needs to be adjusted in ASM for each tool. (You can set the virus_header_name variable: .)
|Anti-Virus Vendor||Anti-Virus Version||Value of virus_header_name|
|McAfee® VirusScan Enterprise||7.0||X-Infection-Found, X-Virus-Name|
|Trend Micro™ InterScan™ Web Security||5.0.1013||X-Virus-ID|
|Symantec™ Protection Engine||22.214.171.124||X-Violations-Found|
|Phone - North America:||1-888-882-7535 or (206) 272-6500|
|Phone - Outside North America, Universal Toll-Free:||+800 11 ASK 4 F5 or (800 11275 435)|
|Fax:||See Regional Support for your area.|
For additional information, please visit http://www.f5.com.
You can find additional support resources and technical documentation through a variety of sources.
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