A routed deployment is one method of deploying a BIG-IP® system directly in the path of traffic, such as between a WAN router and LAN switch. In routed mode, the BIG-IP system is nontransparent on the network, with separate LAN-side and WAN-side self IP addresses. This setup ensures that requests from clients go to the WAN Optimization Manager™ (WOM®), which optimizes the traffic before it reaches the server.
This illustration shows a pair of BIG-IP® WOM® systems in a routed deployment (Site B) on one side of the WAN, and a one-arm deployment on the other side.
The BIG-IP® WAN Optimization Manager™ systems work in pairs on opposite sides of the WAN to optimize the traffic that flows between them. A simple point-to-point configuration might include WAN Optimization Manager (WOM®) running on a BIG-IP system in one data center, and a second BIG-IP WOM running in another data center on the other side of the WAN. Other configuration possibilities include point-to-multipoint (also called hub and spoke) and mesh deployments.
The following illustration shows an example of the flow of traffic across the WAN through a pair of BIG-IP WOM devices. In this example, traffic can be initiated on both sides of the WAN.
The BIG-IP WOM as an endpoint. From the standpoint of each BIG-IP WOM, it is the local endpoint. Any BIG-IP WOM with which the local endpoint interacts is a remote endpoint. After you identify the endpoints, communication between the WOM pair takes place in an iSession™ connection between the two devices. When you configure the local WOM, you also identify any advertised routes, which are subnets that can be reached through the local endpoint. When viewed on a remote system, these subnets appear as remote advertised routes.
To optimize traffic, you select the applications you want to optimize, and BIG-IP WOM sets up the necessary virtual servers and associated profiles. The system creates a virtual server on the initiating side of the WAN, with which it associates a profile that listens for TCP traffic of a particular type (HTTP, CIFS, MAPI, FTP). The local BIG-IP WOM also creates a virtual server, called an iSession listener, to receive traffic from the other side of the WAN, and it associates a profile that terminates the iSession connection and forwards the traffic to its destination. For some applications, the system creates an additional virtual server to further process the application traffic.
The default iSession profile, which the system applies to application optimization, includes symmetric adaptive compression. Also by default, symmetric data deduplication is enabled.
Before you configure BIG-IP®WAN Optimization Manager™ (WOM), make sure that you have completed the following general pre-requisites.
If you are configuring BIG-IP® WOM® in routed mode, you configure separate self IP addresses for the internal and external interfaces. Also, you need to create a passthrough virtual server that you can use to verify the connection before you try to optimize traffic.
|LAN VLANs||Select the VLANs that receive incoming LAN traffic destined for the WAN.|
|WAN VLANs||Select the VLANs that receive traffic from the WAN through an iSession™ connection.|