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Manual Chapter: Managing Device Resources
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How do I start managing BIG-IP devices from BIG-IQ?

To start managing a BIG-IP® device, you must add it to the BIG-IP Devices inventory list on the BIG-IQ® system.

Adding a device to the BIG-IP Devices inventory is a two-stage process.

Stage 1:

  • You enter the IP address and credentials of the BIG-IP device you're adding, and associate it with a cluster (if applicable).
  • BIG-IQ opens communication (establishes trust) with the BIG-IP device.
  • BIG-IQ discovers the current configuration for any selected services you specified are licensed on the BIG-IP system, like LTM® (optional).

Stage 2:

  • BIG-IQ imports the licensed services configuration you selected in stage 1 (optional).
Note: If you only want to do basic management tasks (like software upgrades, license management, and UCS backups) for a BIG-IP device, you do not have to discover and import service configurations.

Adding devices to the BIG-IQ inventory

Before you can add BIG-IP® devices to the BIG-IQ® inventory:

  • The BIG-IP device must be located in your network.
  • The BIG-IP device must be running a compatible software version. Refer to https://support.f5.com/kb/en-us/solutions/public/14000/500/sol14592.html for more information.
  • Port 22 and 443 must be open to the BIG-IQ management address, or any alternative IP address used to add the BIG-IP device to the BIG-IQ inventory. These ports and the management IP address are open by default on BIG-IQ.

If you are running BIG-IP version 11.5.1 up to version 11.6.0, you might need root user credentials to successfully discover and add the device to the BIG-IP devices inventory. Root user credentials are not required for BIG-IP devices running 11.5.0 - 11.5.1 and 11.6.0 - 12.x.

Note: A BIG-IP device running versions 10.2.0 - 11.4.1 is considered a legacy device and cannot be discovered from BIG-IQ version 5.0. If you were managing a legacy device in previous version of BIG-IQ and upgraded to version 5.0, the legacy device displays as impaired with a yellow triangle next to it in the BIG-IP Devices inventory. To manage it, you must upgrade it to 11.5.0 or later. For instructions, refer to the section titled, Upgrading a Legacy Device.
You add BIG-IP devices to the BIG-IQ system inventory as the first step to managing them.
Note: The ADC component is automatically included (first) any time you discover or import services for a device.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select Device Management from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. At the top of the screen, click Inventory.
  4. Click the Add Device button.
  5. In the IP Address field, type the IPv4 or IPv6 address of the device.
  6. In the User Name and Password fields, type the user name and password for the device.
  7. If this device is part of a DSC group, from the Cluster Display Name list, select one of the following:
    • For an existing DSC group, select Use Existing from the list and select the DSC group from the list.
    • For a new DSC group, select Create New from the list and type a name in the field.
    For BIG-IQ to properly associate devices in the same DSC group, the Cluster Display Name must be the same for each member in a group.
  8. If this device is configured in a DSC group, select an option:
    • Initiate BIG-IP DSC sync when deploying configuration changes (Recommended) Select this option if this device is part of a DSC group and you want this device to automatically synchronize configuration changes with other members in the DSC group.
    • Ignore BIG-IP DSC sync when deploying configuration changes Select this option if you want to manually synchronize configurations changes between members in the DSC group.
  9. Click the Add button at the bottom of the screen.
    The BIG-IQ system opens communication to the BIG-IP device, and checks its framework.
    Note: The BIG-IQ system can properly manage a BIG-IP device only if the BIG-IP device is running a compatible version of the REST framework.
  10. If a framework upgrade is required, in the popup window, in the Root User Name and Root Password fields, type the root user name and password for the BIG-IP device, and click Continue.
  11. If in addition to basic management tasks (like software upgrades, license management, and UCS backups) you also want to centrally manage this device's configurations for licensed services, select the check box next to each service you want to discover.
    You can also select these service configuration after you add the BIG-IP device to the inventory.
  12. Click the Add button at the bottom of the screen.
BIG-IQ displays a discovering message in the Services column of the inventory list.
If you discovered service configurations to manage, you must import them.

Importing service configurations for a device

You must add a device to the BIG-IP Device inventory list, and discover associated services, before you can import services to BIG-IQ for the device.
To manage a device's service configuration from BIG-IQ®, you must import the service configuration from the managed device to BIG-IQ.
Important: You, or any other BIG-IQ system user, cannot perform any tasks on the BIG-IQ system while it is importing a service configuration. Large configurations can take a while to import, so let other BIG-IQ users know before you start this task.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select Device Management from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. At the top of the screen, click Inventory.
  4. Click the name of the device you want to import a service configuration from.
  5. On the left, click Services.
  6. For the device's configuration you are importing, select the Create a snapshot of the current configuration before importing. check box to save a copy of the device's current configuration.
    You're not required to create a snapshot, but it is a good idea in case you have to revert to the previous configuration for any reason.
  7. Click the Import button next to the service you want to import to the BIG-IQ system.
    If the current configuration on the BIG-IQ is different than the one on the BIG-IP® device, BIG-IQ displays a screen for you to resolve the conflicts.
  8. If there are conflicts, select one of the following options for each object that is different, and then click the Continue button:
    • Use BIG-IQ to use the configuration settings stored on BIG-IQ.
    • Use BIG-IP to override the configuration setting stored on BIG-IQ with the settings from the BIG-IP device.
You can now manage the configuration of this service for this device from BIG-IQ.

Managing a device from the device properties screen

You can use a device's Properties screen to manage that device. You can log directly in to the device, remotely reboot it, and create an instant backup of its configuration. You can also view details about the managed device, such as:

  • Host name
  • Self IP Address
  • Build Number
  • Software Version
  • Status
  • Last Contact
  • Management IP Address
  • Cluster
  • Boot Location
From this screen you can also perform the following tasks:
  • Log directly into the device from BIG-IQ®.
  • Reboot the device from BIG-IQ.
  • Create an instant backup of the device's configuration.
  • Associate the device to a cluster.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select Device Management from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. At the top of the screen, click Inventory.
  4. Click the name of the device you want to view.
    The device Properties screen opens.

Filtering the BIG-IP inventory list for specific BIG-IP components

With BIG-IQ®, you can easily search for specific sets of devices from one central location. For example, after you discover several devices, you might want to find a specific device by its name or IP address. To do this, you start by filtering on certain configuration objects. This centralized search saves time by displaying only those devices with the search criteria you specify.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select Device Management from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. At the top of the screen, click Inventory.
  4. To search for a specific object, in the Filter field at the top right of the screen, type all or part of an object's name and click the filter icon.
    BIG-IQ refreshes the screen to show only those devices that contain the object you filtered on.
  5. To modify the filter to include or exclude certain objects, click the gear icon next to the Filter field and deselect or select objects.
  6. To remove the filter, click the X icon next to it.

How do I change object settings on a managed device?

To change the object settings on a managed device, there are four tasks to perform.

This figure illustrates the workflow you perform to manage the objects on BIG-IP® devices. Changing the settings is the second step in this process.

Workflow for changing object settings on a managed device

Change managed object workflow

Changing device local traffic objects

Making revisions to the configuration of local traffic objects simplifies managing your devices.
Important: If you revise configurations on devices that belong to a high availability cluster, the BIG-IQ synchronizes cluster members automatically when you deploy the change. Do not try to make the same changes to multiple devices. If you try to replicate changes you made on one device in the cluster, the next config sync attempt could fail.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
    Important: You must log in as an Administrator, ADC Manager, or ADC Deployer to perform this task.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
  4. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select the object type that you want to modify.
    The screen displays a list of objects (of the type you selected) that are defined on this BIG-IQ.
  5. Click the name of the object that you want to change.
    If you select Virtual Servers, there are a couple unique operations you can perform at this point. You can either clone a virtual server to create a new one based on the selected server (see Cloning a virtual server), or you can attach iRules to several virtual servers at once (see Attaching iRules to virtual servers).
    The Properties screen for the selected object opens.
  6. Make changes to the properties you want to modify.
  7. When you are satisfied with the changes you have made, click Save.
    The revisions you saved are made, and the Properties screen for the selected object closes.
Changes that you make are made only to the pending version. The pending version serves as a repository for changes you stage before deploying them to the managed device. Object settings for the pending version are not the same as the object settings on the actual BIG-IP® device until they are deployed or discarded.
Important: There is an exception to this pattern. When you view properties for a pool member and click Enable, Disable, or Force Offline, you can choose whether you want the change to occur immediately (Change Now) or not at all (Cancel). The same exception is true when you enable or disable a virtual server.
To apply the working configuration settings to the BIG-IP device, you now need to deploy the revisions.

Creating a new virtual server

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC interface to add a virtual server to a managed device.
Important: When revising configurations on devices that belong to a high availability cluster, it is important to let the changes synchronize to the cluster members instead of trying to make the same changes to multiple devices. If you try to replicate changes you made on one device in the cluster, the next config sync attempt could fail.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
  4. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select Virtual Servers.
    The screen displays the list of virtual servers defined on this device.
  5. Click Create.
    The Virtual Servers - New Item screen opens.
  6. In the Name field, type in a name for the virtual server you are creating.
  7. From the Device list, select the device on which to create the virtual server.
  8. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the virtual server.
  9. In the Description field, type in a brief description for the virtual server you are creating.
  10. If you want the virtual server and its resources to be available for load balancing, select Enable for State (on BIG-IQ).
  11. For the Source Address, type an IP address or network from which the virtual server will accept traffic.
    For this setting to work, you must specify a value other than 0.0.0.0/0 or ::/0 (that is, any/0, any6/0). In order to maximize the utility of this setting, specify the most specific address prefixes that include your customer addresses, but exclude addresses outside of their range.
  12. For the Destination Address, type the IP address of the destination you want to add to the Destination list.

    The format for an IPv4 address is I<a>.I<b>.I<c>.I<d>. For example, 172.16.254.0/24.

    The format for an IPv6 address is I<a>:I<b>:I<c>:I<d>:I<e>:I<f>:I<g>:I<h>..

    For example, 2001:db8:85a3:8d3:1319:8a2e:370:7348.
    Note: Specifying a netmask is optional for this field.
  13. In the Service Port field, type a service port number, or select a type from the list.
    When you select a type from the list, the value in the Service Port field changes to reflect the associated default, which you can change.
  14. To configure the virtual server so that its status contributes to the associated virtual address status, select the check box for Notify Status to Virtual Address.
    When this setting is disabled, the status of the virtual server does not contribute to the associated virtual address status. When you enable route advertisement of virtual addresses, this status impacts the behavior of the system.
  15. To specify configuration parameters for this virtual server, expand Configuration and continue with the next sixteen steps. Otherwise, skip to step 32 in this procedure.
  16. For the Type, select the type of network service provided by this virtual server. The default is Standard.
    Option Description
    Standard Specifies a virtual server that directs client traffic to a load balancing pool and is the most basic type of virtual server. When you first create the virtual server, you assign an existing default pool to it. From then on, the virtual server automatically directs traffic to that default pool.
    Forwarding (Layer 2) Specifies a virtual server that shares the same IP address as a node in an associated VLAN.
    Forwarding (IP) Specifies a virtual server like other virtual servers, except that the virtual server has no pool members to load balance. The virtual server simply forwards the packet directly to the destination IP address specified in the client request.
    Performance (HTTP) Specifies a virtual server with which you associate a Fast HTTP profile. Together, the virtual server and profile increase the speed at which the virtual server processes HTTP requests.
    Performance (Layer 4) Specifies a virtual server with which you associate a Fast L4 profile. Together, the virtual server and profile increase the speed at which the virtual server processes Layer 4 requests.
    Stateless Specifies a virtual server that accepts traffic matching the virtual server address and load balances the packet to the pool members without attempting to match the packet to a pre-existing connection in the connection table. New connections are immediately removed from the connection table. This addresses the requirement for one-way UDP traffic that needs to be processed at very high throughput levels, for example, load balancing syslog traffic to a pool of syslog servers. Stateless virtual servers are not suitable for processing traffic that requires stateful tracking, such as TCP traffic. Stateless virtual servers do not support iRules, persistence, connection mirroring, rateshaping, or SNAT automap.
    Reject Specifies that the BIG-IP system rejects any traffic destined for the virtual server IP address.
    DHCP Relay Specifies a virtual server that relays Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP) client requests for an IP address to one or more DHCP servers, and provides DHCP server responses with an available IP address for the client.
    Internal Specifies a virtual server that supports modification of HTTP requests and responses. Internal virtual servers enable usage of ICAP (Internet Content Adaptation Protocol) servers to modify HTTP requests and responses by creating and applying an ICAP profile and adding Request Adapt or Response Adapt profiles to the virtual server.
  17. For the Protocol, select the network protocol name you want the system to use to direct traffic on this virtual server. The default is TCP. The Protocol setting is not available when you select Performance (HTTP) as the type.
    Option Description
    All Protocols Specifies that the virtual server supports all network protocols.
    TCP Specifies that the virtual server supports the TCP protocol, defined in RFC 675.
    UDP Specifies that the virtual server supports the UDP protocol, defined in RFC 768.
    SCTP Specifies that the virtual server supports the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) protocol, defined in RFC 4960.
    Other Provides the ability to specify another protocol. This setting is not available when you select Standard as the type.
  18. For the VLANs and Tunnel Traffic setting, select the VLANs and tunnels for which the virtual server is enabled or disabled. The default is All VLANs and Tunnels. If you select another option, the system presents additional settings.
    Option Description
    All VLANs and Tunnels Specifies that the virtual server is enabled on all VLANs and tunnels configured on the system.
    Enabled on Specifies that the virtual server is enabled on the VLANs and tunnels specified in the Selected list.
    Disabled on Specifies that the virtual server is disabled on the VLANs and tunnels specified in the Selected list.
  19. From the Source Address Translation list, select the type of address translation pool used for implementing selective and intelligent source address translation.
    • None: The system does not use a source address translation pool for this virtual server.
    • SNAT: The system uses secure network address translation (NAT), as defined in the specified SNAT pool, for address translation.
    • Auto Map: The system uses all of the self IP addresses as the translation addresses for the pool.
  20. In the Connection Limit field, type the maximum number of concurrent connections allowed for the virtual server.
  21. In the Connection Rate Limit field, type the maximum number of connections-per-second allowed for a pool member.
    When the number of connections-per-second reaches the limit for a given pool member, the system redirects additional connection requests. This helps detect Denial of Service attacks, where connection requests flood a pool member. Setting the limit to 0 turns off connection limits.
  22. From the Connection Rate Limit Mode list, select the scope of the rate limit defined for the virtual server.
    Option Description
    Per Virtual Server Applies rate limiting to this virtual server.
    Per Virtual Server and Source Address Applies Connection Rate Limit Source Mask to the source IP address of incoming connections to this virtual server, and applies the rate limit to connections sharing the same subnet. The Connection Rate Limit Source Mask specifies the number of bits in the IP address to use as a limit key.
    Per Virtual Server and Destination Address Applies Connection Rate Limit Destination Mask to the destination IP address of outgoing connections from this virtual server, and applies the rate limit to connections sharing the same subnet. The Connection Rate Limit Destination Mask specifies the number of bits in the IP address to use as a limit key.
    Per Virtual Server, Destination, and Source Address Applies Connection Rate Limit Source Mask and Connection Rate Limit Destination Mask to the source and destination IP address of incoming connections to this virtual server, and applies the rate limit to connections sharing the same subnet. The Connection Rate Limit Source Mask and Connection Rate Limit Destination Mask specify the number of bits in the IP addresses to use as a limit key.
    Per Source Address (All Rate Limiting Virtual Servers) Applies rate limiting based on the specified source address for all virtual servers that have rate limits specified. Per Destination Address (All Rate Limiting Virtual Servers): Applies rate limiting based on the specified destination address for all virtual servers that have rate limits specified.
    Per Source and Destination Address (All Rate Limiting Virtual Servers) Applies rate limiting based on the specified source and destination addresses for all virtual servers that have rate limits specified.
  23. If you want the system to translate the virtual server address, select Address Translation.
    This option is useful when the system is load balancing devices that have the same IP address.
  24. If you want the system to translate the virtual server port, select Port Translation.
    This option is useful when you want the virtual server to load balance connections to any service. The default is enabled.
  25. From the Source Port list, select how you want the system to preserve the connection's source port.
    Option Description
    Preserve Specifies that the system preserves the value configured for the source port, unless the source port from a particular SNAT is already in use, in which case the system uses a different port.
    Preserve Strict Specifies that the system preserves the value configured for the source port. If the port is in use, the system does not process the connection. Use this setting only for cases that meet at least one of the following conditions:
    • The port is configured for UDP traffic.
    • The system is configured for nPath routing or is running in transparent mode (that is, there is no translation of any other Layer 3 or Layer 4 field).
    • There is a one-to-one relationship between virtual IP addresses and node addresses, or clustered multi-processing (CMP) is disabled.
    Change Specifies that the system changes the source port. This setting is useful for obfuscating internal network addresses.
  26. To replicate client-side traffic (that is, prior to address translation) to a member of a specified pool, select that pool from the Clone Pool (Client) list.
  27. To replicate server-side traffic (that is, prior to address translation) to a member of a specified pool, select that pool from the Clone Pool (Server) list, select the device on which to create the virtual server.
  28. Use the Auto Last Hop list to specify whether you want the system to send return traffic to the MAC address that transmitted the request, even if the routing table points to a different network or interface.
  29. From the Last Hop Pool list, select the pool the system uses to direct reply traffic to the last hop router.
  30. If you want the system to allow IPv6 hosts to communicate with IPv4 servers, select NAT64.
  31. To specify the virtual server score in percent, type that value in the VS Score field.
    Global Traffic Manager™ (GTM™) uses this value to load balance traffic in a proportional manner.
  32. To specify additional resource details for this virtual server, expand Resources and continue with the next two steps. Otherwise, skip to the last step in this procedure.
  33. To specify which iRules® are enabled for this virtual server, use the arrow buttons to move iRules between the Available and Enabled lists.
    iRules are applied in the order in which they are listed.
  34. Use the Default Pool list to select the pool name that you want the virtual server to use as the default pool.
    A load balancing virtual server sends traffic to this pool automatically, unless an iRule directs the server to send the traffic to another pool.
  35. Click Save.
    The system creates the new virtual server with the settings you specified.

Cloning a virtual server

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC interface to create a new virtual server based on the specifications for an existing one. This can be a great time saver when you need to create several virtual servers that use a number of similar settings.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
  4. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select Virtual Servers.
    The screen displays the list of virtual servers defined on this device.
  5. Select the check box associated with the existing virtual server that you want to clone.
  6. From the Actions button, select Clone.
    The BIG-IQ creates a new virtual server using the settings of the one you selected.
  7. Modify the parameters for the new virtual server as needed.
    Important: Two virtual servers cannot share the same Destination Address, Protocol, and VLAN.
  8. When you are satisfied with the settings for the new virtual server, click Save.
    The system creates the new virtual server with the settings you specified.

Attaching iRules to virtual servers

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC interface to attach iRules to a set of virtual servers. Adding an iRule sequence to a group of servers at once can save time and help you cut down on errors that result from performing repetitious tasks.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
  4. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select Virtual Servers.
    The screen displays the list of virtual servers defined on this device.
  5. Select the check boxes associated with the virtual servers to which you want to attach iRules.
  6. From the Actions button, select Attach iRules.
    The Virtual Servers - Attach iRules screen opens.
  7. To specify which iRules to attach to the selected virtual servers, click on them in the Available iRules list, and click the right arrow to add them to the iRules to be Attached list.
  8. Specify the order in which you want the iRules to attach using the up and down arrows.
  9. Specify the list position to attach these iRules.
    • To add the rules to the beginning of the existing list, click Attach to top of each virtual server's iRules list.
    • To add the rules to the end of the existing list, click Attach to bottom of each virtual server's iRules list.
  10. Specify whether to keep the iRule list order for iRules that are already attached to the virtual servers.
    • To keep the existing list order, click Keep virtual servers' existing rules list order.
    • To change the existing list order to what you specifed in step 2, click Reorder virtual servers' existing rules to preserve selected rules order.
  11. Click Save and then confirm your choice by clicking Modify.
    A Modify Items box pops up to show the status of your request.
  12. Click Close to dismiss the box and complete the process.

Creating a new iRule

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC interface to add a new iRule to a managed device.
Important: When revising configurations on devices that belong to a high availability cluster, it is important to let the changes synchronize to the cluster members instead of trying to make the same changes to multiple devices. If you try to replicate changes you made on one device in the cluster, the next config sync attempt could fail.
Important: Rules are different from most other ADC objects in that they associate with virtual servers instead of devices. So to deploy a new iRule to a device, you attach the iRule to a virtual server associated with the target device and then deploy that change.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
  4. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select iRules.
    The screen displays a list of iRules® that are known on this device.
  5. Click Create.
    The iRules - New Item screen opens.
  6. For Name, type a name for the iRule you are creating.
  7. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the iRule.
  8. For the Body, compose the script sequence that defines the iRule.
    For guidance on creating an iRule, consult the AskF5™ (http://www.askf5.com) Knowledge Base. You can search the AskF5 website for iRules documentation that provides an overview of iRules, lists the basic elements that make up an iRule, and shows some examples of how to use iRules.
  9. Click Save.
    The system creates the new iRule with the settings you specified.
To deploy this iRule to a device, attach the iRule to a virtual server associated with the target device and then deploy that change.

Creating a new node

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC interface to add a node to a managed device.

Nodes are the basis for creating a load balancing pool. For any server that you want to be part of a load balancing pool, you must first create a node, that is, designate that server as a node. After designating the server as node, you can add the node to a pool as a pool member. You can also associate a health monitor with the node, to report the status of that server.

Important: When revising configurations on devices that belong to a high availability cluster, it is important to let the changes synchronize to the cluster members instead of trying to make the same changes to multiple devices. If you try to replicate changes you made on one device in the cluster, the next config sync attempt could fail.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
  4. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select Nodes.
    The screen displays a list of nodes that are defined on this device.
  5. Click Create.
    The Nodes - New Item screen opens.
  6. In the Name field, type in a name for the node you are creating.
  7. From the Device list, select the device on which to create the node.
  8. For the Address field, type in the IP address that identifies the new node.
  9. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the node.
  10. In the Description field, type in a brief description for the node you are creating.
  11. To specify configuration parameters for this node, expand Configuration and continue with the next three steps. Otherwise, skip to the last step in this procedure.
  12. Specify the Health Monitors for this node.
    • If the BIG-IP® device uses the Node Default setting, select Node Default.
      Note: The default monitor definition is set on the BIG-IP device. You can't revise that definition on the BIG-IQ. Consequently, the definition may well vary from device to device.
    • To select specific health monitors for this node, select Node Specific, then select the monitors from the Available list and move the monitor to the Enabled list.
  13. For Availability Requirement specify the number of health monitors that must report a node as being available before the node is defined as being in an up state.
  14. For the Ratio, type the ratio weight you want to assign to the new node.
    When you are using the Ratio load balancing method, you can assign a ratio weight to each node in a pool. LTM® uses this ratio weight to determine the correct node for load balancing. At least one node in the pool must have a ratio value greater than 1. Otherwise, the effect equals that of the Round Robin load balancing method.
  15. For the Connection Limit, type the maximum number of concurrent connections allowed for this node.
  16. For the Connection Rate Limit, type the maximum rate of new connections per second allowed for this node.
    When you specify this limit, the system controls the number of allowed new connections per second, thus providing a manageable increase in connections without compromising availability. The default value of 0 specifies that there is no limit on the number of connections allowed per second.
  17. Click Save.
    The system creates the new node with the settings you specified.

Creating a new pool

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC interface to add a pool to a managed device.
Important: When revising configurations on devices that belong to a high availability cluster, it is important to let the changes synchronize to the cluster members instead of trying to make the same changes to multiple devices. If you try to replicate changes you made on one device in the cluster, the next config sync attempt could fail.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
  4. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select Pools.
    The screen displays a list of pools that are defined on this device.
  5. Click Create.
    The Pools - New Item screen opens.
  6. In the Name field, type in a name for the pool you are creating.
  7. From the Device list, select the device on which to create the pool.
  8. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the pool.
  9. In the Description field, type in a brief description for the pool you are creating.
  10. To enable a health monitor for this pool, use the Health Monitors setting to select the monitor from the Available list and move the monitor to the Enabled list.
  11. For the Availability Requirement field, specify the minimum number of monitors that must report a pool as being available before the member is defined as being in an up state.
    • If all of the monitors must report the pool available, select All.
    • To specify a minimum number, select At Least, and then type the minimum number in the Health Monitors field.
  12. In the Load Balancing Method field, specify the type of load balancing you want the pool to use. The default is Round Robin.
  13. In the Priority Group Activation setting, specify how the system load balances traffic. The default is Disabled.
    1. To have the system load balance traffic according to the priority number assigned to the pool member, select Less than.
    2. If you use a priority number, from the Available Member(s) list, select the minimum number of members that must be available in one priority group before the system directs traffic to members in a lower priority group.
      When a sufficient number of members becomes available in the higher priority group, the system again directs traffic to the higher priority group.
  14. To specify advanced properties, expand Advanced Properties and continue with the next twelve steps. Otherwise, skip to the last step in this procedure.
  15. To automatically enable or disable NATs for connections that use this pool, for the NAT setting, select Allow.
  16. To automatically enable or disable SNATs for connections that use this pool, for the SNAT setting, select Allow.
  17. To specify how the system should respond when the target pool member becomes unavailable, select a value from the Action On Service Down list.
    • None: Specifies that the system takes no action to manage existing connections when a pool member becomes unavailable. The system maintains existing connections, but does not send new traffic to the member.
    • Reset: Specifies that, if there are no pool members available, the system resets and clears the active connections from the connection table and sends a reset (RST) or Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) message. If there are pool members available, the system resets and clears the active connections, but sends newly arriving connections to the available pool member and does not send RST or ICMP messages.
    • Drop: Specifies that the system simply cleans up the connection.
    • Reselect: Specifies that the system manages established client connections by moving them to an alternative pool member when monitors mark the original pool member down.
  18. To specify the duration during which the system sends less traffic to a newly-enabled pool member, select a value from the Slow Ramp Time field.
    The amount of traffic is based on the ratio of how long the pool member has been available compared to the slow ramp time, in seconds. Once the pool member has been online for a time greater than the slow ramp time, the pool member receives a full proportion of the incoming traffic. Slow ramp time is particularly useful for the least connections load balancing mode.
    Important: Setting this to a non-zero value can cause unexpected Priority Group behavior, such as load balancing to a low-priority member even with enough high-priority servers.
  19. To specify whether the system sets a Type of Service (ToS) level within a packet sent to the client, based on the targeted pool, select a value from the IP ToS to Client list.
    Setting a ToS level affects the packet delivery reliability.
    • Pass Through: The system does not change the ToS level within a packet.
    • Specify: Provides a field in which you can specify a ToS level to apply. Valid values are from 0 to 255.
    • Mimic: Specifies that the system sets the ToS level of outgoing packets to the same ToS level of the most-recently received incoming packet. For example, if the most-recently received packet had a ToS level of 3, the system sets the ToS level of the next outgoing packet to 3.
  20. To specify whether the system sets a Type of Service (ToS) level within a packet sent to the server, based on the targeted pool, select a value from the IP ToS to Server list.
    Setting a ToS level affects the packet delivery reliability.
    • Pass Through: The system does not change the ToS level within a packet.
    • Specify: Provides a field in which you can specify a ToS level to apply. Valid values are from 0 to 255.
    • Mimic: Specifies that the system sets the ToS level of outgoing packets to the same ToS level of the most-recently received incoming packet. For example, if the most-recently received packet had a ToS level of 3, the system sets the ToS level of the next outgoing packet to 3.
  21. To specify whether the system sets a Quality of Service (QoS) level within a packet sent to the client, based on the targeted pool, select a value from the Link QoS to Client list.
    Setting a QoS level affects the packet delivery priority.
    • Pass Through: The system does not change the QoS level within a packet.
    • Specify: Provides a field in which you can specify a QoS level to apply. Valid values are from 0 to 7.
  22. To specify whether the system sets a Quality of Service (QoS) level within a packet sent to the server, based on the targeted pool, select a value from the Link QoS to Server list.
    Setting a QoS level affects the packet delivery priority.
    • Pass Through: The system does not change the QoS level within a packet.
    • Specify: Provides a field in which you can specify a QoS level to apply. Valid values are from 0 to 7.
  23. To specify the number of times the system tries to contact a new pool member after a passive failure, select a value from the Reselect Tries field.
    A passive failure consists of a server-connect failure, or a failure to receive a data response within a user-specified interval. The default is 0, which indicates no reselects.
  24. To enable TCP request queueing, select Request Queueing.
  25. To specify the maximum number of connection requests allowed in the queue, type an entry in the Request Queue Depth field.
    The default value of 0 permits unlimited connection requests, constrained only by available memory.
  26. To specify the maximum number of milliseconds that a connection request can be queued until capacity becomes available, whereupon the connection request is removed from the queue and reset, type an entry in the Request Queue Timeout field.
    The default value of 0 permits unlimited time in the queue.
  27. Click Save.
    The system creates the new pool with the settings you specified.

Creating a new pool member

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC interface to add a pool member to a pool.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
  4. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select Pools.
    The screen displays a list of pools that are defined on this device.
  5. Click the name of the pool to which you are going to add a new member.
    The properties screen for that pool opens.
  6. Near the bottom of the screen, click the New Member button.
    The Pools - New Item screen opens.
  7. Specify the Node Type:
    • If you want the new member to be an existing BIG-IP® node, select Existing Node and then select the Node.
    • If you want the new member to be identified by an IP address, select Address and then type the Node Name and Node Address for the node.
  8. For the Port, type the service port for the pool member.
  9. In the Description field, type in a brief description for the pool member you are creating.
  10. Specify the Health Monitors for this pool member.
    • To use the settings from the pool, select Inherit from Pool
    • To select specific health monitors for this pool member:

      1. Select Member Specific.
      2. Select the monitors from the Available list and use the arrow button to move the monitor to the Enabled list.
      3. If you activate more than one health monitor, specify the Availability Requirement. Either select All, or select At Least, and then type a number.
      Note: This setting specifies the number of health monitors that must receive successful responses for the pool member to be considered available.
  11. For the Ratio, type the ratio weight you want to assign to the new pool member.
    When you use the ratio load balancing method, you can assign a ratio weight to each pool member in a pool. LTM uses this ratio weight to determine the correct pool member for load balancing. Note that at least one pool member in the pool must have a ratio value greater than 1. Otherwise, the effect equals that of the Round Robin load balancing method.
  12. If priority groups are enabled for this pool, type a Priority Group number for this member.
    Priority groups must be activated on the pool, if the number of available members for the highest priority group drops below your setting, the traffic is routed to the next highest member. If priority groups are disabled on the pool, this setting is not used.
  13. For the Connection Limit, type the maximum number of concurrent connections allowed for this pool member.
  14. For the Connection Rate Limit, type the maximum rate of new connections per second allowed for this pool member.
    When you specify this limit, the system controls the number of allowed new connections per second, thus providing a manageable increase in connections without compromising availability. The default value of 0 specifies that there is no limit on the number of connections allowed per second.
  15. Click Save.
    The system creates the new pool member with the settings you specified.

Delegating enable/disable permissions

To perform this task, you must log in as an Administrator.
You can assign permission to enable or disable virtual servers or pool members to other users. This allows those users to enable or disable specific virtual servers or pool members immediately, without having to deploy those changes.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
    Important: You must log in as an Administrator to perform this task.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select System Management from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. At the top of the screen, click Inventory.
  4. On the left, click USER MANAGEMENT > Users .
    The inventory of users defined on this BIG-IQ opens.
  5. Click the Add button.
  6. From the Auth Provider list, select the provider that supplies the credentials required for authenticating this user. If you configured BIG-IQ System to authenticate using LDAP or RADIUS, you have the option to authenticate this user through one of those methods. Refer to the BIG-IQ Central Management: Licensing and Initial Setup guide for information about how to configure LDAP and RADIUS authentication.
  7. In the User Name field, type the user name for this new user.
  8. In the Full Name field, type a name to identify this user.
    The full name can contain a combination of symbols, letters, numbers and spaces.
  9. In the Password and Confirm Password fields, type the password for the new user.
  10. Click Save.
    The system creates a new user.
  11. On the left, click USER MANAGEMENT > Roles .
  12. Click the Add button.
  13. In the Name field, type a name to identify this role.
  14. From the Role Type list, select the kind of role you want to add.
    • To create a role to which you can delegate virtual server permissions to immediately disable or enable virtual servers to which this role is assigned, select Virtual Server Operator.
    • To create a role to which you can delegate pool member permissions to immediately disable, enable or force offline pool members of pools to which this role is assigned, select Pool Member Operator.
    Permissions for specific virtual servers or pool members are not assigned to this role yet. You need to assign permissions for each object individually.
  15. From the Active Users and Groups list, select the name of the user you specified in step7.
  16. Click Save.
    The new role is created.
  17. To delegate permissions for a virtual server, complete these next 7 steps.
    1. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
    2. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
    3. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select Virtual Servers.
    4. Click the name of the virtual server for which you wish to delegate permissions.
      The properties tab for the selected virtual server opens.
    5. Click Permissions.
    6. In the Role field, type the name of the role you specified in step 13.
    7. Click Save.
      The virtual server can now be enabled or disabled by a user logged in with the name you specified in step 7.
  18. To delegate permissions for all of the pool members in a pool, do these next 7 steps.
    1. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
    2. On the left, expand LOCAL TRAFFIC.
    3. Under LOCAL TRAFFIC, select Pools.
    4. Click the name of the pool to which the pool member belongs.
      The properties tab for the selected pool opens.
    5. Click Permissions.
    6. In the Role field, type the name of the role you created in steps 13.
    7. Click Save.
      Pool members in this pool can now be enabled, disabled, or forced offline by a user logged in with the name you specified in step 7.

Changing network objects

You can make revisions to the configuration of local traffic objects to simplify managing your devices.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand NETWORK.
  4. Under NETWORK, select the object type that you want to modify.
    The screen displays a list of objects of that type that are defined on this BIG-IQ®.
  5. Click the name of the object you want to change.
    The Properties screen for the selected object opens.
  6. Make changes to the properties you want to modify.
  7. When you are satisfied with the changes you have made, click Save.
    The revisions you saved are made, and the Properties screen for the selected object closes.
Changes that you make are made only to the pending version. The pending version serves as a repository for changes you stage before deploying them to the managed device. Object settings for the pending version are not the same as the object settings on the actual BIG-IP® device until they are deployed or discarded.
Important: There is an exception to this pattern. When you view properties for a pool member and click Enable, Disable, or Force Offline, you can choose whether you want the change to occur immediately (Change Now), later (Change Later), or not at all (Cancel). Changes you decide to make later become part of the pending changes for the managed object.
To apply the pending version settings to the BIG-IP device, you next need to deploy the revisions.

Managing a network interface

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC to enable or disable network interfaces on a managed device.
Important: When revising configurations on devices that belong to a high availability cluster, it is important to let the changes synchronize to the cluster members instead of trying to make the same changes to multiple devices. If you try to replicate changes you made on one device in the cluster, the next config sync attempt could fail.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand NETWORK.
  4. Under NETWORK, select Interfaces.
    The screen displays a list of network interfaces defined on devices that are managed by this BIG-IQ.
  5. Select the interface you want to change and then select or clear Enable.
    The State for the selected interface changes on the BIG-IQ.
  6. Click Save.
    The system creates the new route with the settings you specified.

Creating a new route

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC to add a route to a managed device.
Important: When revising configurations on devices that belong to a high availability cluster, it is important to let the changes synchronize to the cluster members instead of trying to make the same changes to multiple devices. If you try to replicate changes you made on one device in the cluster, the next config sync attempt could fail.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand NETWORK.
  4. Under NETWORK, select Routes.
    The screen displays a list of routes defined on devices that are managed by this BIG-IQ.
  5. Click Create.
    The Routes - New Item screen opens.
  6. In the Name field, type in a name for the route you are creating.
  7. In the Description field, type in a brief description for the route you are creating.
  8. From the Device list, select the device on which to create the route.
  9. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the route.
  10. In the Destination/Mask field, type a self IP address and net mask for this route.
    These addresses display in the Destination and Netmask columns of the routing table.
    For example:
    10.145.193.0/24
    .
  11. Specify the Resource setting.
    • To use a gateway, select Use Gateway and then choose either IP Address or IPv6 Link-Local Address through which you want the BIG-IQ system to forward packets to the route destination.
    • To use a pool, select Use Pool and then select the pool through which you want the BIG-IQ system to forward packets to the route destination.
    • To use a VLAN or tunnel, select Use VLAN/Tunnel and then select the VLAN or tunnel through which you want the BIG-IQ system to forward packets to the route destination.
    • To use reject packets forwarded to the route destination, select Reject.
  12. In the MTU field, type an optional frame size value for Path Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU). By default, BIG-IP® devices use the standard Ethernet frame size of 1518 bytes (1522 bytes if VLAN tagging is used) with the corresponding MTU of 1500 bytes. For BIG-IP devices that support Jumbo Frames, you can specify another MTU value.
  13. Click Save.
    The system creates the new route with the settings you specified.

Creating a new self IP address

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC to add a self IP address to a managed device.
Important: When revising configurations on devices that belong to a high availability cluster, it is important to let the changes synchronize to the cluster members instead of trying to make the same changes to multiple devices. If you try to replicate changes you made on one device in the cluster, the next config sync attempt could fail.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand NETWORK.
  4. Under NETWORK, select Self IPs.
    The screen displays a list of self IP addresses defined on the devices that are managed by this BIG-IQ.
  5. Click Create.
    The Self IPs - New Item screen opens.
  6. In the Name field, type in a name for the self IP address you are creating.
  7. From the Device list, select the device on which to create the self IP address.
  8. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the self IP.
  9. In the IP Address field, type either an IPv4 or an IPv6 address. For an IPv4 address, you should specify a /32 IP address per RFC 3021.
  10. In the Netmask field, type the netmask for this self IP address. You must type the full netmask.
    Specifying the prefix length in bits is not supported. For example, you could type 255.255.255.255 or ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:0000:0000:0000:0000 or ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:: (with two colons at the end).
  11. For the VLAN/Tunnel, select the VLAN or tunnel to associate with this self IP address.
  12. Specify the Port Lockdown.
    • Select Allow Default to activate only the default protocols and services. You can determine the supported protocols and services by logging in to the target BIG-IP device and running tmsh list net self-allow defaults on the command line.
    • Select Allow All to activate all TCP and UDP services on this self IP address.
    • Select Allow None to specify that this self IP address accepts no traffic. If you are using this self IP address as the local endpoint for WAN optimization, select this option to avoid potential port conflicts.
    • Select Allow Custom or Allow Custom (Include Default) to expand the Custom List option, where you can specify the ports, protocols, and services to activate on this self IP address.
  13. For the Traffic Group, select a specific traffic group for the self IP address.
  14. Click Save.
    The system creates the new self IP address with the settings you specified.

Creating a new route domain

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC to add a route domain to a managed device. Using route domains, you can assign the same IP address to more than one device on a network, as long as each instance of the IP address resides in a separate route domain.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand NETWORK.
  4. Under NETWORK, select Route Domains.
    The screen displays a list of route domains defined on the devices that are managed by this BIG-IQ.
  5. Click Create.
    The Route Domains - New Item screen opens.
  6. In the Name field, type in a unique name for the route you are creating.
  7. In the ID field, type an integer to represent the route domain.
    The integer must be unique on the BIG-IP® device and be between 1 and 65534. The default value (0) indicates that all VLANs on a system pertain to this route domain. When you create new route domains, you can assign VLANs to those route domains which moves the VLANs out of the default route domain.
  8. In the Description field, type in a brief description for the route domain you are creating.
  9. From the Device list, select the device on which to create the route domain.
  10. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the route domain.
  11. Select Strict Isolation if you want to enforce cross-routing restrictions.
    When selected, routes cannot cross route domain boundaries (so they are strictly isolated to the current route domain). The default is enabled. When disabled, routes can cross route domains. For example, you could add a route to the routing table with a 10.0.0.0%20 (route domain 20) destination and a gateway of 172.27.84.29%32 (route domain 32).
  12. To specify a VLAN or tunnel for the BIG-IP to use in the route domain, click it in the Available list, and click the right arrow to add it to the Enabled list.
  13. Click Save.
    The system creates the new route domain with the settings you specified.

Creating a new VLAN

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC to add a VLAN to a managed device. Using VLANs, you can assign the same IP address to more than one device on a network, as long as each instance of the IP address resides in a separate VLAN.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand NETWORK.
  4. Under NETWORK, select VLANs.
    The screen displays a list of VLANs defined on the devices that are managed by this BIG-IQ.
  5. Click Create.
    The VLANs - New Item screen opens.
  6. In the Name field, type a unique name for the VLAN you are creating.
  7. In the Description field, type a brief description for the VLAN you are creating.
  8. In the Tag field, type a tag number for the VLAN.
    The tag number can be between 1 and 4094, but must be unique on the target device. If you do not specify a value, the system automatically assigns a tag number.
  9. From the Device list, select the device on which to create the VLAN.
  10. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the VLAN.
  11. In the MTU field, specify the maximum transmission unit (MTU) for traffic on this VLAN.
    The default is 1500.
  12. To specify which interfaces this VLAN uses for traffic management, select it in the Interface list, and then select the Tagging for it.
  13. Click Save.
    The system creates the new VLAN with the settings you specified.

Creating a new DNS resolver

You can use the BIG-IQ® ADC to add a DNS resolver to a managed device. Using DNS resolvers, you can assign the same IP address to more than one device on a network, as long as each instance of the IP address resides in a separate DNS resolver.
  1. Log in to the BIG-IQ® system with your user name and password.
  2. At the top left of the screen, select ADC from the BIG-IQ menu.
  3. On the left, expand NETWORK.
  4. Under NETWORK, select DNS Resolvers.
    The screen displays a list of DNS resolvers defined on the devices that are managed by this BIG-IQ.
  5. Click Create.
    The DNS resolvers - New Item screen opens.
  6. In the Name field, type in a unique name for the DNS resolver you are creating.
  7. For Partition, type the name of the BIG-IP device partition on which you want to create the DNS resolver.
  8. To specify which devices use this DNS resolver for traffic management, in the Devices setting, click them in the Available list, and use the right arrow to add them to the Selected list.
  9. Select the Route Domain Name that this resolver uses for outbound traffic.
    The default is the default route domain.
  10. To specify the Resolver properties, expand the control and then:
    1. For the Cache Size, type the size of the internal DNS resolver cache.
      The default is 5767168 bytes. After the cache reaches this size, when new or refreshed content arrives, the system removes expired and older content and caches the new or updated content.
    2. Select Answer Default Zones if you want the system to answer DNS queries for the default zones localhost, reverse, 127.0.0.1, ::1, and AS112.
      The default is disabled, meaning that the system passes along the DNS queries for the default zones.
    3. Select Randomize Query Character Case if you want the internal DNS resolver to randomize character case in domain name queries issued to the root DNS servers.
      The default is enabled.
  11. To specify the Traffic properties, expand the control and then:
    1. If you want the system to answer and issue IPv4-formatted queries, select Use IPv4.
    2. If you want the system to answer and issue IPv6-formatted queries, select Use IPv6.
    3. If you want the system to answer and issue UDP-formatted queries, select Use UDP.
    4. If you want the system to answer and issue TCP-formatted queries, select Use TCP.
  12. To specify a forward zone used to resolve matching DNS queries, expand the control and then:
    1. Click Add to specify a new zone.
      A popup screen opens.
    2. In the Name field, type in a unique name for the forward zone you are creating.
    3. In the Address field, type in an IP address for the forward zone you are creating.
    4. In the Service Port field, type in the port number for the forward zone you are creating.
    5. Click Add.
  13. Click Save.
    The system creates the new DNS resolver with the settings you specified.
When the BIG-IP® system receives a query that cannot be resolved from the cache, the system forwards the query to a nameserver associated with the matching forward zone. When the nameserver returns a response, the BIG-IP system caches the response, and returns the response to the resolver making the query.
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