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Manual Chapter: Initial vCMP Configuration Tasks
Manual Chapter
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About vCMP application volume management

When you provisioned the vCMP® feature as part of VIPRION® system setup, the BIG-IP® system allocated most of the total disk space to the vCMP application volume (by default, all but 30 gigabytes). Known as the reserve disk space, this 30 gigabytes of disk space is left available for other uses, such as for installing additional versions of the BIG-IP system in the future.

Important: Do not attempt to change the amount of reserved disk space after you have provisioned the vCMP feature. Changing the reserved disk space after provisioning produces unwanted results.

vCMP host administrator tasks

Important: Before you configure the vCMP® host, make sure you followed the VIPRION setup tasks described in the guide VIPRION Systems: Configuration. After using that guide, you should now have a VIPRION® system that is provisioned for vCMP, with the standard external, internal, and high-availability VLANs configured.

As a vCMP® host administrator, you have the important task of initially planning the amount of total system CPU and memory that you want the vCMP host to allocate to each guest. This decision is based on the resource needs of the particular BIG-IP® modules that guest administrators intend to provision within each guest, as well as the maximum system resource limits for the relevant hardware platform. Thoughtful resource allocation planning prior to creating the guests ensures optimal performance of each guest. Once you have determined the resource allocation requirements for the guests, you are ready to configure the host.

Overall, your primary duties are to create and manage guests, ensuring that the proper system resources are allocated to those guests.

Task summary

Accessing the vCMP host

Performing this task allows you to access the vCMP host. Primary reasons to access the host are to create and manage vCMP® guests, manage virtual disks, and view or manage host and guest properties. You can also view host and guest statistics.

  1. From a system on the external network, display a browser window.
  2. In the URL field, type the management IP address that you previously assigned to the system, as follows:
    https://<ip_address>
    The browser displays the login screen for the BIG-IP® Configuration utility.

Provisioning the vCMP feature

Before performing this task, ensure that the amount of reserve disk space that the provisioning process creates is sufficient. Attempting to adjust the reserve disk space after you have provisioned the vCMP® feature produces unwanted results.
Performing this task creates the vCMP host (the hypervisor) and dedicates most of the system resources to running vCMP.
Warning: If the system currently contains any BIG-IP® module configuration data, this data will be deleted when you provision the vCMP feature.
  1. On the Main tab, click System > Resource Provisioning .
  2. Verify that all BIG-IP modules are set to None.
  3. From the vCMP list, select Dedicated.
  4. Click Update.
After provisioning the vCMP feature, the system reboots TMOS® and prompts you to log in again. This action logs you in to the vCMP host, thereby allowing you to create guests and perform other host configuration tasks.

Creating a vCMP guest

Before creating a guest on the system:

  • Verify that you have configured the base network on the system to create any necessary trunks, as well as VLANs for guests to use when processing application traffic.
  • If you plan to enable the Appliance Mode setting for the guest, verify that the vCMP license on the host does not specify appliance mode; if appliance mode is specified in the vCMP license, the feature is applied system-wide to the host and to all guests on the system, instead of on a per-guest basis.
You create a vCMP guest when you want to create an instance of the BIG-IP software for the purpose of running one or more BIG-IP® modules to process application traffic. For example, you can create a guest that runs BIG-IP® Local Traffic Manager™ and BIG-IP® DNS. When creating a guest, you specify the number of cores that you want the vCMP host to allocate to each guest.
Note: When creating a guest, if you see an error message such as Insufficient disk space on /shared/vmdisks. Need 24354M additional space., you must delete existing unattached virtual disks until you have freed up that amount of disk space.
Important: If you are planning to add this guest to a Sync-Failover device group and enable connection mirroring with a guest on another device, you must ensure that the two guests are configured identically with respect to core allocation.
  1. Use a browser to log in to system, using the management IP address.
    This logs you in to the vCMP® host.
  2. On the Main tab, click vCMP > Guest List .
    This displays a list of guests on the system.
  3. Click Create.
  4. From the Properties list, select Advanced.
  5. In the Name field, type a name for the guest.
  6. In the Host Name field, type a fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) name for the guest.
    If you leave this field blank, the system assigns the name localhost.localdomain.
  7. From the Cores Per Guest list, select the number of cores that you want the host to allocate to the guest.
  8. From the Management Network list, select a value:
    Value Result
    Bridged (Recommended) Connects the guest to the management network. Selecting this value causes the IP Address setting to appear.
    Isolated Prevents the guest from being connected to the management network and disables the host-only interface.
    Important: If you select Isolated, do not enable the Appliance Mode setting when you initially create the guest. For more information, see the step for enabling the Appliance Mode setting.
    Host-Only Prevents the guest from being connected to the management network but ensures that the host-only interface is enabled.
  9. For the Management Port setting, fill in the required information:
    1. In the IP Address field, type a unique management IP address that you want to assign to the guest.
      You use this IP address to access the guest when you want to manage the BIG-IP modules running within the guest.
    2. In the Network Mask field, type the network mask for the management IP address.
    3. In the Management Route field, type a gateway address for the management IP address.
    Important: Assigning an IP address that is on the same network as the host management port has security implications that you should carefully consider.
  10. From the Initial Image list, select an ISO image file for installing TMOS® software onto the guest's virtual disk.
  11. In the Virtual Disk list, retain the default value of None.
    Note that if an unattached virtual disk file with that default name already exists, the system displays a message, and you must manually attach the virtual disk. You can do this using the tmsh command line interface, or use the Configuration utility to view and select from a list of available unattached virtual disks.
    The BIG-IP system creates a virtual disk with a default name (the guest name plus the string .img, such as guestA.img).
  12. For the VLAN List setting, subscribe to host-based VLANs:
    1. Select the external and internal VLANs from the Available list.
    2. Use the Move button to move the VLANs to the Selected list.
    After you create the guest, the guest will use the selected VLANs to process application traffic. As an option, the guest administrator can create additional VLANs later from within the guest.
  13. From the Requested State list, select Provisioned.
    Once the guest is created, the vCMP host allocates all necessary resources to the guest, such as cores and virtual disk.
  14. If you want to enable Appliance mode for the guest, select the Appliance Mode check box.
    Warning: Before enabling this feature on an isolated guest, you must perform some prerequisite tasks, such as creating a self IP address on the guest. Failure to perform these prerequisite tasks will make the guest unreachable by all host and guest administrators. Therefore, you must create the isolated guest with Appliance mode disabled, perform the prerequisite tasks, and then modify the guest to enable this setting. For more information, see the relevant appendix of this guide.
    When you enable Appliance Mode for a guest, the system enhances security by denying access to the root account and the Bash shell for all administrators.
  15. From the SSL-Mode list (available on certain platforms only), select an option:
    Option Description
    Dedicated Dedicates an entire SSL hardware processor to the guest. This processor is not shared with other guests on the system. The number of guests that can be in Dedicated mode equals the number of SSL processors that your hardware platform provides. You cannot configure a combination of Dedicated guests and Shared guests on the BIG-IP system; if any guest is set to Dedicated mode, Shared mode is disallowed for all other guests.
    Shared In Shared mode, the guest shares SSL hardware resources with all guests that are also in Shared mode. This option can impact SSL performance for the guest, depending on use of SSL resources by other guests. You cannot configure a combination of Dedicated guests and Shared guests on the BIG-IP system; if any guest is set to Shared mode, Dedicated mode is disallowed for all other guests.
    None Prevents the guest from accessing SSL hardware resources. When you select None, the guest has no access to SSL hardware resources, but can access SSL software resources.
    Important: If you do not see the SSL-Mode setting, your hardware platform does not support this feature.
  16. From the Guest Traffic Profile list:
    • Select None if you do not want to meter network traffic using a Single Rate Three Color Marker (srTCM) policer.
    • Select the name of an existing srTCM policer if you want the BIG-IP system to classify network traffic as green, yellow, or red using the srTCM standard.
  17. Click Finish.
    The system installs the selected ISO image onto the guest's virtual disk and displays a status bar to show the progress of the resource allocation.
You now have a new vCMP guest on the system in the Provisioned state with an ISO image installed.
After you create the guest, if an administrator needs to change the maximum transmission unit (MTU) size on a host-based VLAN to optimize the guest's application traffic, the administrator can (and must) change the MTU value from within the guest. An administrator for a specific guest should never try to change the MTU value of a host-based VLAN when logged into the vCMP host.

Setting a vCMP guest to the Deployed state

Setting a guest to the Deployed state enables a guest administrator to then provision and configure the BIG-IP® modules within the guest.
Warning: For any isolated guest with Appliance mode enabled, you must first perform some additional tasks before deploying the guest. For more information, see the relevant appendix of this guide.
  1. Ensure that you are logged in to the vCMP host.
  2. On the Main tab, click vCMP > Guest List .
    This displays a list of guests on the system.
  3. In the Name column, click the name of the vCMP guest that you want to deploy.
  4. From the Requested State list, select Deployed.
  5. Click Update.
After moving a vCMP® guest to the Deployed state, a guest administrator can provision and configure the BIG-IP modules within the guest so that the guest can begin processing application traffic.

vCMP guest administrator tasks

The primary duties of a vCMP® guest administrator are to provision BIG-IP® modules within the guest and configure any self IP addresses that the guest needs for processing application traffic. The guest administrator must also configure all BIG-IP modules, such as creating virtual servers and load balancing pools within BIG-IP Local Traffic Manager™ (LTM®).

Optionally, a guest administrator who wants a redundant system configuration can create a device group with the peer guests as members.

Provisioning BIG-IP modules within a guest

Before a guest administrator can access a guest to provision licensed BIG-IP® modules, the vCMP® guest must be in the Deployed state.
To run BIG-IP modules within a guest, the guest administrator must first provision them. For example, a guest administrator for guestA who wants to run LTM® and DNS must log into guestA and provision the LTM and BIG-IP DNS modules.
Note: For guests that are isolated from the management network, you must access them using a self IP address instead of a management IP address.
  1. Open a browser, and in the URL field, specify the management IP address that the host administrator assigned to the guest.
  2. At the login prompt, type the default user name admin, and password admin, and click Log in.
    The Setup utility screen opens.
  3. Click Next.
    This displays the Resource Provisioning screen.
  4. For each licensed BIG-IP module in the list, select the check box and select Minimal, Nominal, or Dedicated.
  5. Click Next.
    This displays the Certificate Properties screen.
  6. Click Next.
    This displays some general properties of the guest.
  7. Click Next.
    This displays the screen for specifying the guest's cluster member IP addresses.
  8. Click Next.
  9. Click Finished.

Creating a self IP address for application traffic

A vCMP® guest administrator creates a self IP address within a guest, assigning a VLAN to the address in the process. The self IP address serves as a hop for application traffic destined for a virtual server configured within the guest. On a standalone system, the self IP address that a guest administrator creates is a static (non-floating) IP address. Note that the administrator does not need to create VLANs within the guest; instead, the VLANs available for assigning to a self IP address are VLANs that a host administrator previously created on the vCMP host.
  1. On the Main tab of the BIG-IP Configuration utility, click Network > Self IPs .
  2. Click Create.
    The New Self IP screen opens.
  3. In the Name field, type a unique name for the self IP address.
  4. In the IP Address field, type an IPv4 or IPv6 address.
    This IP address should represent the address space of the VLAN that you specify with the VLAN/Tunnel setting.
  5. In the Netmask field, type the network mask for the specified IP address.

    For example, you can type 255.255.255.0.

  6. From the VLAN/Tunnel list, select the VLAN to associate with this self IP address.
    • On the internal network, select the internal or high availability VLAN that is associated with an internal interface or trunk.
    • On the external network, select the external VLAN that is associated with an external interface or trunk.
  7. From the Port Lockdown list, select Allow Default.
  8. Click Finished.
    The screen refreshes, and displays the new self IP address.
After creating a self IP address, the BIG-IP system can send and receive traffic destined for a virtual server that allows traffic through the specified VLAN.

Changing the MTU value on a VLAN (optional)

Do this task when you need to adjust the maximum transmission unit (MTU) size on a VLAN for the vCMP® guest that you are logged into. Changing a VLAN's MTU size can help to optimize application traffic for the guest. You can do this task for either a host-based VLAN or a VLAN that you created from within the guest.

Important: Always do this task when you're logged into the guest and not the host.
  1. Log into the guest using the guest's management IP address.
    The BIG-IP® Configuration utility opens.
  2. On the Main tab of the BIG-IP Configuration utility, click Network > VLAN .
    A list of VLANs appears.
  3. In the Name column, double-click the name of the VLAN you want to modify.
    This displays the properties of the VLAN.
  4. In the MTU field, change the value to whatever is appropriate for the guest.
  5. Click Update.

Next steps

After all guests are in the Deployed state, each individual guest administrator can configure the appropriate BIG-IP modules for processing application traffic. For example, a guest administrator can use BIG-IP® Local Traffic Manager™ (LTM®) to create a standard virtual server and a load-balancing pool. Optionally, if guest redundancy is required, a guest administrator can set up device service clustering (DSC®).

Another important task for a guest administrator is to create other guest administrator accounts as needed.

Important: If the guest has an isolated (rather than bridged) management network, you must grant access to the Traffic Management Shell (tmsh) to all guest administrator accounts. Otherwise, guest administrators have no means of logging in to the guest, due to the lack of access to the management network.

Configuration results

After you and all guest administrators have completed the initial configuration tasks, you should have a system provisioned for vCMP, with one or more guests ready to process application traffic.

When logged in to the vCMP host, you can see the VLANs and trunks configured on the system, as well as all of the guests that you created, along with their virtual disks. You can also see the number of cores that the host allocated to each guest.

When logged in to a guest, the guest administrator can see one or more BIG-IP® modules provisioned and configured within the guest to process application traffic. If the guest administrator configured device service clustering (DSC®), the guest is a member of a device group.

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