Packet filters enhance network security by specifying whether a BIG-IP® system interface should accept or reject certain packets based on criteria that you specify. Packet filters enforce an access policy on incoming traffic. They apply to incoming traffic only.
You implement packet filtering by creating packet filter rules. The primary purpose of a packet filter rule is to define the criteria that you want the BIG-IP system to use when filtering packets. Examples of criteria that you can specify in a packet filter rule are:
You specify the criteria for applying packet filter rules within an expression. When creating a packet filter rule, you can instruct the Configuration utility to build an expression for you, in which case you need only choose the criteria from predefined lists, or you can write your own expression text, using the syntax of the tcpdump utility.
You can also configure global packet filtering that applies to all packet filter rules that you create.
By setting up some basic IP routing and configuring packet filtering, specific hosts on the internal VLAN can connect to the internal VLAN's self IP address. These hosts can also use common Internet services such as HTTP, HTTPS, DNS, FTP, and SSH. Traffic from all other hosts in the internal VLAN is rejected.