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Manual Chapter: Introducing Implementations for BIG-IP Local Traffic Manager
Manual Chapter
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In a typical configuration, the BIG-IP system functions as a device on the network, directing different types of protocol and application traffic to an appropriate destination server. The system accomplishes this by forwarding the traffic to a load balancing server pool, sending the traffic directly to a specific server node, or sending it to a next-hop router or a pool of routers. The most basic configuration of the BIG-IP system includes two virtual local area networks (VLANs) with one or more BIG-IP interfaces (ports) assigned to each VLAN. Using the BIG-IP systems browser-based Configuration utility, you can implement many configuration scenarios simply by using the default VLAN configuration, and then creating Local Traffic ManagerTM objects such as a customized virtual server, traffic profile, and load balancing pool.
Note: BIG-IP® Local Traffic Manager is one of several products that constitute the BIG-IP product family. All products in the BIG-IP product family run on the powerful Traffic Management Operating System, commonly referred to as TMOS®. For an overview of the complete BIG-IP product offering, see the introductory chapter of the TMOS® Management Guide for BIG-IP® Systems.
Before you begin implementing a solution in this guide, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with additional resources such as other BIG-IP system guides and online help, and review the stylistic conventions that appear in this chapter. For more information, see About this guide.
Then, we recommend that you run the Setup utility on the BIG-IP system to configure basic network and network elements such as static and floating self IP addresses, interfaces, and VLANs. After running the Setup utility, you can use this guide to implement specific configuration scenarios. For information on running the Setup utility, see BIG-IP® Systems: Getting Started Guide.
After running the Setup utility, you use the Configuration utility to perform additional configuration steps necessary for your configuration. For information on using the Configuration utility, see BIG-IP® Systems: Getting Started Guide.
For a list of browser versions that the Configuration utility supports, see the release notes for this product on the AskF5SM web site,
The chapters contained in this guide provide step-by-step procedures for implementing complete traffic management solutions using the Configuration utility. For example, Chapter 3, Basic Web Site and E-Commerce Configuration, describes how to configure the BIG-IP system objects that you need to set up an array of web servers that process e-commerce traffic.
In addition to this guide, there are other sources of the documentation you can use in order to work with the BIG-IP system. The following guides are available in PDF format from the AskF5SM web site,
BIG-IP® Systems: Getting Started Guide
This guide provides detailed information about licensing and provisioning the BIG-IP system, as well as installing upgrades. The guide also provides a brief introduction to the features of BIG-IP system and the tools for configuring the system.
TMOSTM Management Guide for BIG-IP® Systems
This guide contains any information you need to configure and maintain the network and system-related components of the BIG-IP system, such as routes, VLANs, and user accounts.
Configuration Guide for BIG-IP® Local Traffic ManagerTM
This guide contains any information you need for configuring specific features of the BIG-IP system to manage local network traffic.
BIG-IP® Application Security Manager: Getting Started Guide
This guide describes how to set up BIG-IP Application Security Manager to configure security policies.
Configuration Guide for BIG-IP® Protocol Security Module
This guide provides the procedures for configuring BIG-IP Protocol Security Module.
Configuration Guide for the BIG-IP® WebAcceleratorTM System
This guide describes the core BIG-IP WebAccelerator concepts and provides the procedures for configuring and monitoring the WebAccelerator system.
Bigpipe Utility Reference Guide
This guide contains information about using the bigpipe utility commands to manage the BIG-IP system.
Traffic Management Shell (tmsh) Reference Guide
This guide contains information about using the Traffic Management Shell (tmsh) commands to manage the BIG-IP system.
To help you easily identify and understand important information, all of our documentation uses the stylistic conventions described here.
All examples in this document use only private class IP addresses. When you set up the implementations we describe, you must use valid IP addresses suitable to your own network in place of our sample addresses.
To help you identify sections where a term is defined, the term itself is shown in bold italic text. For example, a floating IP address is an IP address assigned to a VLAN and shared between two computer systems.
We refer to all products in the BIG-IP product family as BIG-IP systems. We refer to the software modules by their name; for example, we refer to the Local Traffic Manager module as simply the Local Traffic Manager. If configuration information relates to a specific hardware platform, we note the platform.
We apply bold text to a variety of items to help you easily pick them out of a block of text. These items include web addresses, IP addresses, utility names, and portions of commands, such as variables and keywords. For example, with the bigpipe self <ip_address> show command, you can specify a specific self IP address to show by specifying an IP address for the <ip_address> variable.
We use italic text to denote a reference to another document or section of a document. We use bold, italic text to denote a reference to a book title. For example, for installation instructions, see the guide titled BIG-IP® Systems: Getting Started Guide.
We show complete commands in bold Courier text. Note that we do not include the corresponding screen prompt, unless the command is shown in a figure that depicts an entire command line screen.
Table 1.1 explains additional special conventions used in command line syntax.
< >
Identifies a user-defined parameter. For example, if the command has <your name>, type in your name, but do not include the brackets.
Online help for local traffic management
The Configuration utility has online help for each screen. The online help contains descriptions of each control and setting on the screen. Click the Help tab in the left navigation pane to view the online help for a screen.
Welcome screen in the Configuration utility
The Welcome screen in the Configuration utility contains links to many useful web sites and resources, including:
F5 Networks Technical Support web site
The F5 Networks Technical Support web site,, provides the latest documentation for the product, including:
The AskF5SM Knowledge Base
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