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Manual: BIG-IP Network and System Management Guide, version 9.2.2

Original Publication Date: 12/14/2005

Network and System Management Guide
BIG-IP® version 9.2.2

Table of Contents

Legal Notices

1. Introducing BIG-IP Network and System Management

Introducing the BIG-IP system

Overview of BIG-IP network management features

Overview of BIG-IP system management features

Choosing a configuration tool

About this guide

Additional information

Stylistic conventions

Finding help and technical support resources

2. Operating the LCD Panel

Introducing the LCD panel

Using the LCD panel

Pausing on a screen

Using LCD menus

Powering up the unit

Halting the unit

Powering down the unit

Rebooting the unit

Clearing alerts

Navigating through the LCD menus

3. Lights-Out Management

Introducing lights-out management

Accessing the command menu

Options for accessing the command menu

Setting up remote lights-out SSH access

Using out-of-band management commands

Using the command menu

4. Configuring the BIG-IP Platform and General Properties

Introducing the BIG-IP platform and general properties

Configuring platform properties

Configuring platform properties and user administration settings

Managing a device certificate

Configuring general properties

Configuring device-related properties

Configuring local-traffic properties

5. Configuring VLANs and VLAN Groups

Introducing virtual LANs

Understanding VLANs on a BIG-IP system

Understanding the default VLAN configuration

Creating and managing VLANs

Creating a VLAN

Managing a VLAN

Creating and managing VLAN groups

Creating a VLAN group

Managing a VLAN group

Assigning self IPs to VLANs and VLAN groups

6. Configuring Self IP Addresses

Introducing self IP addresses

Types of self IP addresses

Self IP addresses and MAC addresses

Using self IP addresses for SNATs

Creating and managing self IP addresses

Creating a self IP address

Managing self IP addresses

7. Working with Interfaces

Introducing BIG-IP system interfaces

Configuring interfaces

Understanding interface naming conventions

Viewing interface information and media properties

Configuring interface properties

Configuring interface mirroring

Displaying interface statistics

Related configuration tasks

8. Configuring Routes

Introducing route configuration

Understanding the TMM routing table

Configuring the TMM routing table

Viewing the list of static entries

Adding static entries to the TMM routing table

Modifying static entries in the routing table

Deleting static entries from the routing table

Considering other routing issues

Configuring dynamic routing

Routing traffic through the management interface

Configuring the default route on destination servers

9. Configuring Address Resolution Protocol

Introducing Address Resolution Protocol

What is ARP?

How does the BIG-IP system use ARP?

Understanding ARP entry states

Responding to ARP requests

Configuring static entries in the ARP cache

Adding static entries

Viewing static entries

Modifying static entries

Deleting static entries

Configuring dynamic entries in the ARP cache

Configuring global options

Viewing dynamic entries

Deleting dynamic entries

10. Working with Trunks

Introducing trunks

How do trunks work?

Overview of LACP

Creating a trunk

Specifying a trunk name

Specifying interfaces for a trunk

Enabling LACP

Specifying the LACP mode

Specifying the LACP timeout

Specifying a link selection policy

Managing trunks

Viewing a list of trunks

Viewing or modifying trunk properties

Adding a trunk to a VLAN

Deleting a trunk

Managing interfaces for a trunk

11. Configuring Packet Filters

Introducing packet filtering

Configuring global settings

Configuring global properties

Configuring exemptions

Creating packet filter rules

Configuring settings for packet filter rules

Creating a filter expression

Managing packet filter rules

Viewing the list of packet filter rules

Viewing or modifying packet filter rule settings

Deleting a packet filter rule

Viewing statistics for packet filters

12. Configuring Spanning Tree Protocols

Introducing spanning tree protocols

Spanning tree protocol types

Using spanning tree with legacy bridges

Configuration overview

Configuring global spanning tree properties

Specifying the spanning tree mode

Configuring global timers

Specifying the Transmit Hold Count option

Configuring MSTP-specific global properties

Managing spanning tree instances

Viewing a list of spanning tree instances

Creating a spanning tree instance (MSTP-only)

Viewing and modifying a spanning tree instance

Deleting a spanning tree instance or its members (MSTP-only)

Configuring interfaces for spanning tree

Configuring spanning tree settings on an interface

Managing interfaces for a specific instance

13. Setting up a Redundant System

Introducing redundant systems

Summary of redundant system features

Understanding failover and failback

Understanding self IP addresses for redundant systems

Understanding fail-safe

Before you begin

Configuring units of a redundant pair

Specifying primary and secondary failover addresses

Configuring the redundancy mode

Specifying a redundancy state preference

Configuring the failover type

Specifying the link down-time on failover

Specifying the default route on back-end servers

Special considerations for active-active systems

The next step

Synchronizing configuration data

Performing configuration synchronization

Specifying the ConfigSync user

Specifying synchronization direction

Enabling the global display of synchronization status

Continuing with active-active system configuration

Associating BIG-IP system objects with unit IDs

Synchronizing the configuration

Configuring fail-safe

Configuring system fail-safe

Configuring gateway fail-safe

Configuring VLAN fail-safe

Mirroring connection information

Setting a shared MAC masquerade address

Viewing interfaces and MAC addresses

Designating a shared MAC masquerade address

Maintaining a redundant system

Viewing redundancy states and synchronization status

Changing the redundancy state

Determining the unit ID

Customizing redundant-system behavior

Controlling failback

Converting an active-active system to an active/standby system

14. Managing User Accounts

Introducing user account management

Understanding user account types

Understanding user roles

Managing local user accounts

Configuring the admin account

Creating user accounts

Viewing user accounts

Modifying user accounts

Deleting user accounts

Managing remote user accounts

Specifying a remote user-account database

Assigning user roles

Deleting an explicit user-role designation

15. Configuring SNMP

Introducing SNMP administration

Reviewing an industry-standard SNMP implementation

Reviewing the BIG-IP system SNMP implementation

Summarizing SNMP configuration on the BIG-IP system

Configuring the SNMP agent

Configuring BIG-IP system information

Configuring client access

Controlling access to SNMP data

Configuring traps

Working with SNMP MIB files

Downloading SNMP MIB files

Understanding the enterprise MIB files

Collecting performance data

Collecting data on memory use

Collecting data on active connections

Collecting data on new connections

Collecting data on throughput

Collecting data on HTTP requests

Collecting data on RAM Cache utilization

Collecting data on CPU use

Collecting data on SSL transactions per second

16. Saving and Restoring Configuration Data

Introducing archives

What is an archive?

Working with archives

Synchronizing data for redundant systems

Managing archives

Viewing a list of existing archives

Creating and saving an archive on the BIG-IP system

Viewing archive properties

Restoring data from a BIG-IP system archive

Downloading an archive to a remote system

Uploading an archive from a remote system

Deleting an archive

17. Logging BIG-IP System Events

Introducing BIG-IP system logging

Summarizing logging features

Understanding log content

Viewing and filtering log messages

Understanding log types

Logging system events

Logging packet filter events

Logging local traffic events

Auditing configuration changes

Setting log levels

Setting log levels for local traffic events

Setting log levels for auditing events

Configuring encrypted remote logging

Before you begin

Creating the remote encrypted logging configuration

18. Configuring BIG-IP System Services

Introducing BIG-IP System Services

Managing core services

Summarizing the core services

Starting and stopping core services

Configuring core services to control failover

Understanding the MCPD, TMM, and SOD services

Managing optional services

A. Troubleshooting SNMP Traps

Understanding F5-specific traps

General traps

Hardware-related traps

License-related traps

TMOS-related traps

Authentication-related traps

DoS-related traps

Network-related traps

Logging-related traps

B. Configuring bigdb Database Keys

Introducing the bigdb database

Summarizing bigdb keys for redundant system administration

Using failover keys

Using connection mirroring keys

Using configuration synchronization keys

Using system fail-safe keys

Summarizing bigdb keys for user account administration

Summarizing bigdb keys for event logging

Summarizing bigdb keys for HTTP compression