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Manual Chapter: Monitors Tasks
Manual Chapter
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Creating an SNMP monitor

Create an SNMP monitor that DNS Link Controller™ LTM® can use to monitor a third-party server running SNMP.
  1. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  2. On the Main tab, click DNS > GSLB > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  3. Click Create.
    The New Monitor screen opens.
  4. Type a name for the monitor.
    Important: Monitor names are limited to 63 characters.
  5. From the Type list, select one of the following:
    Option Description
    SNMP DCA Use this monitor to specify new values for CPU, memory, and disk metrics.
    SNMP DCA Base Use this monitor to specify values for metrics other than CPU, memory, and disk usage.
  6. From the Type list, select SNMP.
  7. Click Finished.

Creating a custom monitor

Before creating a custom monitor, you must decide on a monitor type.
You can create a custom monitor when the values defined in a pre-configured monitor do not meet your needs, or no pre-configured monitor exists for the type of monitor you are creating.
Important: When defining values for custom monitors, make sure you avoid using any values that are on the list of reserved keywords. For more information, see solution number 3653 (for version 9.0 systems and later) on the AskF5™ technical support web site.
  1. On the Main tab, click DNS > GSLB > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  2. On the Main tab, click Link Controller > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  3. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  4. Click Create.
    The New Monitor screen opens.
  5. Type a name for the monitor in the Name field.
  6. From the Type list, select the type of monitor.
    The screen refreshes, and displays the configuration options for the monitor type.
  7. From the Import Monitor list, select an existing monitor.
    The new monitor inherits initial configuration values from the existing monitor.
  8. From the Parent Monitor list, select an existing monitor.
    The new monitor inherits initial configuration values from the existing monitor.
  9. From the Configuration list, select Advanced.
    This selection makes it possible for you to modify additional default settings.
  10. Configure all settings shown.
  11. Click Finished.

Deleting a monitor

Prior to deleting a monitor, you must remove all existing monitor associations.
You can delete obsolete or unused monitors.
Note: You can manage only those monitors that you have permission to manage, based on your user role and partition access assignment.
  1. On the Main tab, click DNS > GSLB > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  2. On the Main tab, click Link Controller > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  3. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  4. Select the Select check box for the monitor that you want to delete.
  5. Click Delete.
    A confirmation message appears.
  6. Click Delete.
The monitor is deleted.

Displaying a monitor

You can display a monitor and view the settings and values.
Note: You can manage only those monitors that you have permission to manage, based on your user role and partition access assignment.
  1. On the Main tab, click DNS > GSLB > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  2. On the Main tab, click Link Controller > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  3. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  4. Click a monitor name in the list.
    The monitor settings and values appear.
You can view the settings and values for the monitor.

Creating an HTTP monitor

Before creating a monitor, you must decide on a monitor type.
A custom HTTP monitor enables you to send a command to a server and examine that server's response, thus ensuring that it is serving appropriate content.
Note: An HTTP monitor can monitor Outlook® Web Access (OWA) in Microsoft® Exchange Server 2007 and Microsoft® SharePoint® 2007 web sites that require NT LAN Manager (NTLM) authentication. NTLM authentication requires a send string that complies with HTTP/1.1, a user name, and a password.
  1. On the Main tab, click DNS > GSLB > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  2. On the Main tab, click Link Controller > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  3. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  4. Type a name for the monitor in the Name field.
  5. From the Type list, select HTTP.
    The screen refreshes, and displays the configuration options for the HTTP monitor type.
  6. From the Parent Monitor list, select http.
    The new monitor inherits initial configuration values from the existing monitor.
  7. From the Configuration list, select Advanced.
    This selection makes it possible for you to modify additional default settings.
  8. Type a number in the Interval field that indicates, in seconds, how frequently the system issues the monitor check. The default is 30 seconds.
    The frequency of a monitor check must be greater than the value of the global-level Heartbeat Interval setting. Otherwise, the monitor can acquire out-of-date data.
  9. Type a number in the Timeout field that indicates, in seconds, how much time the target has to respond to the monitor check. The default is 120 seconds.
    If the target responds within the allotted time period, it is considered up. If the target does not respond within the time period, it is considered down.
  10. Type a number in the Probe Timeout field that indicates the number of seconds after which the system times out the probe request to the system. The default is 5 seconds.
  11. For the Ignore Down Response setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the No default option.
    • Select the Yes option to specify that the monitor accepts more than one probe attempt per interval.
  12. Type a text string in the Send String field that the monitor sends to the target resource.
    The default string is GET /. This string retrieves a default file from the web site.
    Type a fully qualified path name, for example, GET /www/example/index.html, if you want to retrieve a specific web site page.
  13. Type a number in the Interval field that indicates, in seconds, how frequently the system issues the monitor check. The default is 5 seconds.
    The frequency of a monitor check must be greater than the value of the global-level Heartbeat Interval setting. Otherwise, the monitor can acquire out-of-date data.
  14. From the Up Interval list, do one of the following:
    • Accept the default, Disabled, if you do not want to use the up interval.
    • Select Enabled, and specify how often you want the system to verify the health of a resource that is up.
  15. Type a number in the Time Until Up field that indicates the number of seconds to wait after a resource first responds correctly to the monitor before setting the resource to up.
    The default value is 0 (zero), which disables this option.
  16. Type a number in the Timeout field that indicates, in seconds, how much time the target has to respond to the monitor check. The default is 30 seconds.
    If the target responds within the allotted time period, it is considered up. If the target does not respond within the time period, it is considered down.
  17. Specify whether the system automatically enables the monitored resource, when the monitor check is successful, for Manual Resume.
    This setting applies only when the monitored resource has failed to respond to a monitor check.
    Option Description
    Yes The system does nothing when the monitor check succeeds, and you must manually enable the monitored resource.
    No The system automatically re-enables the monitored resource after the next successful monitor check.
  18. Type a text string in the Send String field that the monitor sends to the target resource.
    The default string is GET /\r\n. This string retrieves a default file from the web site.
    Important: Send string syntax depends upon the HTTP version. Please observe the following conventions.
    Version Convention
    HTTP 0.9 "GET /\n" or "GET /\r\n".
    HTTP 1.0 "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n" or "GET / HTTP/1.0\n\n"
    HTTP 1.1 "GET / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: server.com\r\n\r\n" or "GET / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: server.com\r\nConnection: close\r\n\r\n"
    Type a fully qualified path name, for example, "GET /www/example/index.html\r\n", if you want to retrieve a specific web site page.
  19. Type a regular expression in the Receive String field that represents the text string that the monitor looks for in the returned resource.
    The most common receive expressions contain a text string that is included in an HTML file on your site. The text string can be regular text, HTML tags, or image names.
    Note: If you do not specify both a send string and a receive string, the monitor performs a simple service check and connect only.
  20. Type a regular expression in the Receive Disable String field that represents the text string that the monitor looks for in the returned resource.
    Use a Receive String value together with a Receive Disable String value to match the value of a response from the origin web server and create one of three states for a pool member or node: Up (Enabled), when only Receive String matches the response, or when both Receive String and Receive Disable String match the response; Up (Disabled), when only Receive Disable String matches the response; or Down, when neither Receive String nor Receive Disable String matches the response.
    Note: If you choose to set the Reverse setting to Yes, the monitor marks the pool, pool member, or node Down when the test is successful.
  21. Type a name in the User Name field.
  22. Type a password in the Password field.
  23. For the Reverse setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the No default option.
    • Select the Yes option to mark the pool, pool member, or node Down when the test is successful.
  24. For the Transparent setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the No default option.
    • Select the Yes option to use a path through the associated pool members or nodes to monitor the aliased destination.
  25. For the Alias Address setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the *All Addresses default option.
    • Type an alias IP address for the monitor to verify, on behalf of the pools or pool members with which the monitor is associated.
    If the health check for the alias address is successful, the system marks all associated objects up. If the health check for the alias address is not successful, then the system marks all associated objects down.
  26. For the Alias Service Port setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the *All Ports default option.
    • Select an alias port or service for the monitor to check, on behalf of the pools or pool members with which the monitor is associated.
    If the health check for the alias port or service is successful, the system marks all associated objects up. If the health check for the alias port or service is not successful, then the system marks all associated objects down.
The HTTP monitor is configured to monitor HTTP traffic.

Creating an HTTPS monitor

Before creating a monitor, you must decide on a monitor type.
A custom HTTPS monitor enables you to verify the Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) service by attempting to receive specific content from a web page protected by Secure Socket Layer (SSL) security.
Note: An HTTP monitor can monitor Outlook® Web Access (OWA) in Microsoft® Exchange Server 2007 and Microsoft® SharePoint® 2007 web sites that require NT LAN Manager (NTLM) authentication. NTLM authentication requires a send string that complies with HTTP/1.1, a user name, and a password.
  1. On the Main tab, click DNS > GSLB > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  2. On the Main tab, click Link Controller > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  3. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  4. From the Type list, select the type of monitor.
    The screen refreshes, and displays the configuration options for the monitor type.
  5. From the Import Monitor list, select an existing monitor.
    The new monitor inherits initial configuration values from the existing monitor.
  6. From the Parent Monitor list, select an existing monitor.
    The new monitor inherits initial configuration values from the existing monitor.
  7. Type a number in the Interval field that indicates, in seconds, how frequently the system issues the monitor check. The default is 30 seconds.
    The frequency of a monitor check must be greater than the value of the global-level Heartbeat Interval setting. Otherwise, the monitor can acquire out-of-date data.
  8. Type a number in the Timeout field that indicates, in seconds, how much time the target has to respond to the monitor check. The default is 120 seconds.
    If the target responds within the allotted time period, it is considered up. If the target does not respond within the time period, it is considered down.
  9. Type a number in the Probe Timeout field that indicates the number of seconds after which the system times out the probe request to the system. The default is 5 seconds.
  10. For the Ignore Down Response setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the No default option.
    • Select the Yes option to specify that the monitor accepts more than one probe attempt per interval.
  11. Type a text string in the Send String field that the monitor sends to the target resource.
    The default string is GET /. This string retrieves a default file from the web site.
    Type a fully qualified path name, for example, GET /www/example/index.html, if you want to retrieve a specific web site page.
  12. Type a number in the Interval field that indicates, in seconds, how frequently the system issues the monitor check. The default is 5 seconds.
    The frequency of a monitor check must be greater than the value of the global-level Heartbeat Interval setting. Otherwise, the monitor can acquire out-of-date data.
  13. From the Up Interval list, do one of the following:
    • Accept the default, Disabled, if you do not want to use the up interval.
    • Select Enabled, and specify how often you want the system to verify the health of a resource that is up.
  14. Type a number in the Time Until Up field that indicates the number of seconds to wait after a resource first responds correctly to the monitor before setting the resource to up.
    The default value is 0 (zero), which disables this option.
  15. Type a number in the Timeout field that indicates, in seconds, how much time the target has to respond to the monitor check. The default is 30 seconds.
    If the target responds within the allotted time period, it is considered up. If the target does not respond within the time period, it is considered down.
  16. Specify whether the system automatically enables the monitored resource, when the monitor check is successful, for Manual Resume.
    This setting applies only when the monitored resource has failed to respond to a monitor check.
    Option Description
    Yes The system does nothing when the monitor check succeeds, and you must manually enable the monitored resource.
    No The system automatically re-enables the monitored resource after the next successful monitor check.
  17. Type a text string in the Send String field that the monitor sends to the target resource.
    The default string is GET /\r\n. This string retrieves a default file from the web site.
    Important: Send string syntax depends upon the HTTP version. Please observe the following conventions.
    Version Convention
    HTTP 0.9 "GET /\n" or "GET /\r\n".
    HTTP 1.0 "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n" or "GET / HTTP/1.0\n\n"
    HTTP 1.1 "GET / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: server.com\r\n\r\n" or "GET / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: server.com\r\nConnection: close\r\n\r\n"
    Type a fully qualified path name, for example, "GET /www/example/index.html\r\n", if you want to retrieve a specific web site page.
  18. Type a regular expression in the Receive String field that represents the text string that the monitor looks for in the returned resource.
    The most common receive expressions contain a text string that is included in an HTML file on your site. The text string can be regular text, HTML tags, or image names.
    Note: If you do not specify both a send string and a receive string, the monitor performs a simple service check and connect only.
  19. Type a list of ciphers in the Cipher List field that match those of the client sending a request, or of the server sending a response.
    The default string is DEFAULT:+SHA:+3DES:+kEDH.
  20. Type a regular expression in the Receive Disable String field that represents the text string that the monitor looks for in the returned resource.
    Use a Receive String value together with a Receive Disable String value to match the value of a response from the origin web server and create one of three states for a pool member or node: Up (Enabled), when only Receive String matches the response, or when both Receive String and Receive Disable String match the response; Up (Disabled), when only Receive Disable String matches the response; or Down, when neither Receive String nor Receive Disable String matches the response.
    Note: If you choose to set the Reverse setting to Yes, the monitor marks the pool, pool member, or node Down when the test is successful.
  21. Type a list of ciphers in the Cipher List field that match those of the client sending a request, or of the server sending a response.
    The default string is DEFAULT:+SHA:+3DES:+kEDH.
  22. Type a name in the User Name field.
  23. Type a password in the Password field.
  24. From the Compatibility list, do one of the following:
    • Accept the default, Enabled, to set the SSL options setting in OpenSSL to ALL.
    • Select Disabled to specify SSL options.
  25. From the Client Certificate list, do one of the following:
    • Accept the default, None, to specify no client certificate.
    • Select ca-bundle to use the ca-bundle client certificate.
    • Select default to use a default client certificate.
  26. From the Client Key list, do one of the following:
    • Accept the default, None, to specify no client key.
    • Select default to use a default client key.
  27. For the Reverse setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the No default option.
    • Select the Yes option to mark the pool, pool member, or node Down when the test is successful.
  28. For the Transparent setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the No default option.
    • Select the Yes option to use a path through the associated pool members or nodes to monitor the aliased destination.
  29. For the Alias Address setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the *All Addresses default option.
    • Type an alias IP address for the monitor to verify, on behalf of the pools or pool members with which the monitor is associated.
    If the health check for the alias address is successful, the system marks all associated objects up. If the health check for the alias address is not successful, then the system marks all associated objects down.
  30. For the Alias Service Port setting, do one of the following:
    • Accept the *All Ports default option.
    • Select an alias port or service for the monitor to check, on behalf of the pools or pool members with which the monitor is associated.
    If the health check for the alias port or service is successful, the system marks all associated objects up. If the health check for the alias port or service is not successful, then the system marks all associated objects down.
The HTTPS monitor is configured to monitor HTTPS traffic.
Associate the HTTPS monitor with a server, pool, pool member, or node.

Configuring a monitor for adaptive response time monitoring

Determine the type of monitor you want to create, and for which custom monitor you want to enable adaptive response time monitoring.
Enable adaptive response time monitoring when you want the BIG-IP® system to update the state of a resource based on the deviation of the latency of the monitor probe from the mean latency of a monitor probe for that service.
  1. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  2. Click Create.
    The New Monitor screen opens.
  3. Type a name for the monitor in the Name field.
  4. From the Type list, select the type of monitor.
    The screen refreshes, and displays the configuration options for the monitor type.
  5. From the Import Monitor list, select an existing monitor.
    The new monitor inherits initial configuration values from the existing monitor.
  6. From the Parent Monitor list, select an existing monitor.
    The new monitor inherits initial configuration values from the existing monitor.
  7. Select the Adaptive check box.
    Additional settings display.
  8. From the Allowed Divergence list, select one of these options:
    Option Description
    Absolute Type the number of milliseconds that the latency of a monitor probe can exceed the mean latency for the service being probed.
    Relative Type the percentage deviation that the latency of a monitor probe can exceed the mean latency for the service being probed.
  9. In the Adaptive Limit field, type the maximum length of a monitor probe (in milliseconds), regardless of the calculated mean for the service being monitored.
  10. In the Sampling Timespan field, type the length (in seconds) of the probe history span that the system uses to calculate the mean latency and standard deviation of a monitor probe.
  11. Click Finished.

Importing a file for an external monitor

Using the BIG-IP ®Configuration utility, you can import a file from another system to use for creating an external monitor.

  1. On the Main tab, click System > File Management > External Monitor File List > Import .
  2. For the File Name setting, click Browse.
    The system opens a browse window so that you can locate the file that you want to import to the BIG-IP system.
  3. For the Name setting, do one of the following:
    • Select the Create New option, and type a unique name in the field.
    • Select the Overwrite Existing option, and select a file name from the list.
  4. Click the Import button.
After importing a file onto the system, you must create a local traffic external monitor, specifying the file that you imported.

Configure an SASP monitor

You configure a Server/Application State Protocol (SASP) monitor to verify the availability of resources when your network employs the IBM® Enterprise Workload Manager (EWLM, formerly Group Workload Manager).
  1. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Monitors .
    The Monitor List screen opens.
  2. Click Create.
    The New Monitor screen opens.
  3. Type a name for the monitor.
    Important: Monitor names are limited to 63 characters.
  4. From the Type list, select SASP.
    The screen refreshes, and displays the configuration options for the SASP monitor type.
  5. In the Configuration area, from the GWM Interval list, select one of the following:
    Option Description
    Automatic (default) The system uses the interval setting recommended by the Group Workload Manager (GWM).
    Specify Specifies the interval the system uses to query the GWM. Type a number between 10 and 600 seconds.
  6. From the Mode list, select one of the following:
    Option Description
    Push (default) The Group Workload Manager (GWM) decides on the interval to send Get Weights requests and the SASP monitor listens for messages.
    Pull The SASP monitor uses the GWM interval value to send the Get Weights requests to the workload manager.
  7. For the GWM Primary Address setting, type the IP address of the Enterprise Workload Manager (formerly Gateway Workload Manager).
  8. For the GWM Secondary Address setting, type the IP address of the backup Enterprise Workload Manager server (assuming there is a backup server).
  9. For the GWM Service Port setting, type the number of the port through which the SASP monitor communicates with the Enterprise Workload Manager. The default is 3860.
  10. From the GWM Protocol list, select the communications protocol the SASP monitor uses. The default is TCP.
  11. Click Finished.

Associate an SASP monitor with a pool

Before you start, make sure you have an IBM® Enterprise Workload Manager in your enterprise.
You associate a Server/Application State Protocol (SASP) monitor with a pool when configuring a load balancer.
  1. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Pools .
    The Pool List screen displays.
  2. Select the name of a pool to add to an SASP monitor.
  3. In the Configuration area, for the Health Monitors setting, move the name of an SASP monitor from the Available list to the Active list.
  4. Click Update.
    Note: When a monitor is initially added, before it receives an initial health check from the Enterprise Workload Manager (formerly Gateway Workload Manager), on the Members tab, in the General Properties area, the Availability setting is Offline. If the health check is complete, in the Current Members area, the Ratio column displays values set by the workload manager for the pool members.
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