Applies To:

Show Versions Show Versions

Manual Chapter: Authenticating Standalone View Clients with APM
Manual Chapter
Table of Contents   |   << Previous Chapter   |   Next Chapter >>

Overview: Authenticating View Client with APM

Access Policy Manager can present VMware View logon pages on a View Client, perform authentication, and load-balance VMware View Connection Servers. APM supports the PC over IP (PCoIP) display protocol for the virtual desktop.

A View Client makes connections to support different types of traffic between it and a View Connection Server. APM supports these connections with two virtual servers that share the same destination IP address.

Task summary

Creating a pool of View Connection Servers

You create a pool of View Connection Servers to provide load-balancing and high-availability functions.
  1. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Pools. The Pool List screen opens.
  2. Click Create. The New Pool screen opens.
  3. In the Name field, type a unique name for the pool.
  4. In the Resources area, using the New Members setting, add each View Connection Server that you want to include in the pool:
    1. Type an IP address in the Address field, or select a node address from the Node List.
    2. In the Service Port field, type 443 (if your View Connection Servers use HTTPS), or type 80 (if your View Connection Servers use HTTP). By default, View Connection Servers use HTTPS. However, if you configure your View Connection Servers for SSL offloading, they use HTTP.
    3. Click Add.
  5. Click Finished.
The new pool appears in the Pools list.

Configuring a VMware View remote desktop resource

Configure a VMware View remote desktop resource so that you can log on to a View Connection Server and gain access to a standalone View Client, or launch a View desktop from an APM webtop, depending on the access policy.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Application Access > Remote Desktops. The Remote Desktops list opens.
  2. Click Create. The New Resource screen opens.
  3. For the Type setting, select VMware View.
  4. For the Destination setting, select Pool and from the Pool Name list, select a pool of View Connection Servers that you configured previously.
  5. For the Server Side SSL setting:
    • Select the Enable check box if your View Connection Servers use HTTPS (default).
    • Clear the Enable check box if your View Connection Servers use HTTP; that is, they are configured for SSL offloading.
  6. In the Auto Logon area, select the Enable check box, so that a user can automatically log on to a View Connection Server after logging in to APM. If you enable auto logon, you must also configure credential sources.
    1. In the Username Source field, accept the default or type the session variable to use as the source for the auto logon user name.
    2. In the Password Source field, accept the default or type the session variable to use as the source for the auto logon user password.
    3. In the Domain Source field, accept the default or type the session variable to use as the source for the auto logon user domain.
  7. In the Customization Settings for language_name area, type a Caption. The caption is the display name of the VMware View resource on the APM full webtop.
  8. Click Finished. All other parameters are optional.
This creates the VMware View remote desktop resource. To use it, you must assign it along with a full webtop in an access policy.

Configuring a full webtop

You can use a full webtop to provide web-based access to VMware View and other resources.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Webtops. The Webtops screen opens.
  2. Click Create. The New Webtop screen opens.
  3. Type a name for the webtop.
  4. From the Type list, select Full. The Configuration area displays with additional settings configured at default values.
  5. Click Finished.
The webtop is now configured and appears in the webtop list.

Creating an access profile

You create an access profile to provide the access policy configuration for a virtual server that establishes a secured session.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Access Profiles. The Access Profiles List screen opens.
  2. Click Create. The New Profile screen opens.
  3. Type a name for the access profile.
  4. In the Language Settings area, add and remove accepted languages, and set the default language. A browser uses the highest priority accepted language. If no browser language matches the accepted languages list, the browser uses the default language.
  5. Click Finished.
This creates an access profile with a default access policy.

Creating an access policy for View Client authentication

Before you create this access policy, configure the AAA server (or servers) to use for authentication.
Note: The standalone View Client supports authentication with Active Directory domain credentials (required) and with an RSA SecureID PIN (optional). To use both types of authentication, place the Active Directory logon and authentication actions after the RSA logon and authentication actions.
Create an access policy so that a standalone View Client can use a View desktop after logging on and authenticating with Access Policy Manager (APM).
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Access Profiles. The Access Profiles List screen opens.
  2. In the Access Policy column, click the Edit link for the access profile you want to configure to launch the visual policy editor. The visual policy editor opens the access policy in a separate screen.
  3. Click the (+) sign anywhere in the access policy to add a new action item. An Add Item screen opens, listing predefined actions on tabs such as General Purpose, Authentication, and so on.
  4. Type client in the search field, select Client Type from the results list, and click Add Item. The Client Type action identifies clients and enables branching based on the client type. A properties screen opens.
  5. Click Save. The properties screen closes. The visual policy editor displays the Client Type action. A VMware View branch follows it. Add the remaining actions on the VMware View branch.
  6. Configure logon and authentication actions for Active Directory: Active Directory authentication is required.
    1. Click the (+) sign on the VMware View branch. An Add Item screen opens, listing predefined actions on tabs such as General Purpose, Authentication, and so on
    2. On the Logon tab, select VMware View Logon Page, and click Add Item. A properties screen displays.
    3. From the VMware View Logon Screen Type list, retain the default setting Windows Password.
    4. In the VMware View Windows Domains field, type domain names separated by spaces to use for Active Directory authentication. Type at least one domain name. These domains names are displayed on the View Client.
    5. Click Save. The properties screen closes and the visual policy editor is displayed.
    6. Click the plus (+) icon after the previous VMware View Logon Page action. A popup screen opens.
    7. On the Authentication tab, select AD Auth and click Add Item.
    8. From the Server list, select an AAA server and click Save. The properties screen closes.
  7. Assign a full webtop and the VMware View remote desktop resource that you configured previously.
    1. Click the (+) sign after the previous action.
    2. Type adv in the search field, select Advanced Resource Assignment from the results, and click Add Item. A properties screen displays.
    3. Click Add new entry A new line is added to the list of entries.
    4. Click the Add/Delete link below the entry. The screen changes to display resources on multiple tabs.
    5. On the Remote Desktop tab, select the VMware View remote desktop resource that you configured previously.
    6. On the Webtop tab, select a full webtop and click Update. The properties screen closes and the resources you selected are displayed.
    7. Click Save. The properties screen closes and the visual policy editor is displayed.
  8. To use RSA SecurID authentication in addition to Active Directory authentication, insert logon and authentication actions for RSA SecurID ahead of those for Active Directory:
    1. Click the (+) sign before the previous VMware View Logon Page action. A popup screen opens.
    2. On the Logon tab, select VMware View Logon Page, and click Add Item. A properties screen displays.
    3. From the VMware View Logon Screen Type list, select RSA SecurID.
    4. In the VMware View Windows Domains field, type the domain names to use for logon.
    5. Click Save. The properties screen closes and the visual policy editor is displayed.
    6. Click the plus (+) icon after the previous VMware View Logon Page action. A popup screen opens.
    7. On the Authentication tab, select RSA SecurID, and click Add Item.
    8. From the Server list, select the AAA server that you created previously and click Save. The properties screen closes.
  9. Optional: If you want to display a message to the user inside of the View Client (for example, a disclaimer or acceptable terms of use), this is how you do it:
    1. Click the (+) sign anywhere in your access profile to add a new action item. An Add Item screen opens, listing predefined actions on tabs such as General Purpose, Authentication, and so on.
    2. On the Logon tab, select VMware View Logon Page, and click Add Item. A properties screen displays.
    3. From VMware View Logon Screen Type, select Disclaimer
    4. In the Customization area from the Language list, select the language for the message.
    5. In the Disclaimer message field, type the message to display on the logon page.
    6. Click Save. The properties screen closes and the visual policy editor is displayed.
    You have configured a logon page that displays a logon page with a message on a View Client.
  10. On the fallback branch between the last action and Deny, select the Deny check box, click Allow and click Save.
  11. Click Apply Access Policy.

You have an access policy that displays at least one logon page, and authenticates a View Client against Active Directory before assigning resources to the session; and at most, displays three logon pages and performs two-factor authentication before assigning resources to the session.

Sample access policy with single-factor authentication for VMware View Example access policy with single-factor authentication for View Client
Sample access policy with two-factor authentication for VMware View Example access policy with two-factor authentication for View Client
For the access policy to take effect, you must add it to a virtual server.

Creating a connectivity profile

You create a connectivity profile to configure client connections.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Secure Connectivity. A list of connectivity profiles displays.
  2. Click Add. The Create New Connectivity Profile popup screen opens and displays General Settings.
  3. Type a Profile Name for the connectivity profile.
  4. Select a Parent Profile from the list. APM provides a default profile, connectivity.
  5. Click OK. The popup screen closes, and the Connectivity Profile List displays.
The connectivity profile appears in the list.
To provide functionality with a connectivity profile, you must add the connectivity profile to a virtual server.

Creating a custom server SSL profile

With a server SSL profile, the BIG-IP system can perform decryption and encryption for server-side SSL traffic.
  1. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Profiles > SSL > Server. The SSL Server profile list screen opens.
  2. Click Create. The New Server SSL Profile screen opens.
  3. In the Name field, type a unique name for the profile.
  4. From the Parent Profile list, select serverssl.
  5. In the Configuration area, select Advanced and select the Custom check box. Additional settings display. All settings in the Configuration area become available.
  6. Scroll down to the Server Name field and type pcoip-default-sni.
  7. Click Finished.
The custom server SSL profile is listed in the SSL Server list.

Configuring an HTTPS virtual server for View Client authentication

Before you start this task, create a connectivity profile in Access Policy Manager. (Default settings are acceptable.)
Create this virtual server to support View Client authentication. This is the virtual server that users will specify in the View Client.
Note: This is one of two virtual servers that you must configure for View Client connections. Use the same destination IP address for each one.
  1. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Virtual Servers. The Virtual Server List screen opens.
  2. Click the Create button. The New Virtual Server screen opens.
  3. In the Name field, type a unique name for the virtual server.
  4. For the Destination setting, select Host and in the Address field, type the IP address for the virtual server.
  5. In the Service Port field, type 443 or select HTTPS from the list.
  6. From the HTTP Profile list, select http.
  7. For the SSL Profile (Client) setting, select a client SSL profile.
  8. For the SSL Profile (Server) setting, from the Available list, select the name of the Server SSL profile you previously created and move the name to the Selected list.
  9. From the Source Address Translation list, select Auto Map.
  10. In the Access Policy area, from the Access Profile list, select the access profile.
  11. From the Connectivity Profile list, select the connectivity profile.
  12. Select the VDI & Java Support check box.
  13. Locate the Resources area of the screen and from the Default Persistence Profile list, select one of these profiles:
    • cookie - This is the default cookie persistence profile. Cookie persistence is recommended.
    • source_addr - This is the default source address translation persistence profile. Select it only when the cookie persistence type is not available.
  14. Click Finished.
A virtual server handles View Client access and handles XML protocol data.

Configuring a UDP virtual server for PCoIP traffic

Create this virtual server to support a PC over IP (PCoIP) data channel for View Client traffic.
  1. On the Main tab, click Local Traffic > Virtual Servers. The Virtual Server List screen opens.
  2. Click the Create button. The New Virtual Server screen opens.
  3. In the Name field, type a unique name for the virtual server.
  4. For the Destination setting, select Host and in the Address field, type the IP address for the virtual server. Type the same IP address as the one for the View Client authentication virtual server.
  5. In the Service Port field, type 4172.
  6. From the Protocol list, select UDP.
  7. From the Source Address Translation list, select Auto Map.
  8. From the Access Policy area, select the VDI & Java Support check box.
  9. Click Finished.
This virtual server is configured to support PCoIP transport protocol traffic for VMware View Clients.

Configuring for virtual servers that use a private IP address

If you configured the HTTPS and UDP virtual servers with a private IP address that is not reachable from the Internet, but instead a publicly available device (typically a firewall or a router) performs NAT for it, you need to perform these steps.
You update the access policy by assigning the variable view.proxy_addr to the IP address that the client uses to reach the virtual server. Otherwise, a View Client cannot connect when the virtual servers have a private IP address.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Access Profiles. The Access Profiles List screen opens.
  2. In the Access Policy column, click the Edit link for the access profile you want to configure to launch the visual policy editor. The visual policy editor opens the access policy in a separate screen.
  3. Click the (+) sign anywhere in the access policy to add a new action item. An Add Item screen opens, listing predefined actions on tabs such as General Purpose, Authentication, and so on.
  4. Type var in the search field, select Variable Assign from the results list, and click Add Item. The Variable Assign properties screen opens.
  5. Click the change link next to the empty entry. A popup screen displays two panes, with Custom Variable selected on the left and Custom Expression selected on the right.
  6. In the Custom Variable field, type view.proxy_addr.
  7. In the Custom Expression field, type expr {"proxy address"} where proxy address is the IP address that the client uses to reach the virtual server.
  8. Click Finished to save the variable and expression and return to the Variable Assign action popup screen.
  9. Click Save. The properties screen closes and the visual policy editor displays.
  10. Click the Apply Access Policy link to apply and activate the changes to the access policy.
Table of Contents   |   << Previous Chapter   |   Next Chapter >>

Was this resource helpful in solving your issue?




NOTE: Please do not provide personal information.



Incorrect answer. Please try again: Please enter the words to the right: Please enter the numbers you hear:

Additional Comments (optional)