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Manual Chapter: Configuring Access Profiles for Portal Access
Manual Chapter
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Creating an access profile

You create an access profile to provide the access policy configuration for a virtual server that establishes a secured session.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Access Profiles. The Access Profiles List screen opens.
  2. Click Create. The New Profile screen opens.
  3. In the Name field, type a name for the access profile.
  4. From the Profile Type list, select one:
    • APM-LTM - Select for a web access management configuration.
    • SSO - Select only when you do not need to configure an access policy.
    • SWG - Explicit - Select to configure access using Secure Web Gateway explicit forward proxy.
    • SWG - Transparent - Select to configure access using Secure Web Gateway transparent forward proxy.
    • SSL-VPN - Select for other types of access, such as network access, portal access, application access. (Most access policy items are available for this type.)
    • ALL - Select for any type of access.
    Additional settings display.
  5. To configure timeout and session settings, select the Custom check box.
  6. In the Inactivity Timeout field, type the number of seconds that should pass before the access policy times out. Type 0 to set no timeout. If there is no activity (defined by the Session Update Threshold and Session Update Window settings in the Network Access configuration) between the client and server within the specified threshold time, the system closes the current session.
  7. In the Access Policy Timeout field, type the number of seconds that should pass before the access profile times out because of inactivity. Type 0 to set no timeout.
  8. In the Maximum Session Timeout field, type the maximum number of seconds the session can exist. Type 0 to set no timeout.
  9. In the Max Concurrent Users field, type the maximum number of users that can use this access profile at the same time. Type 0 to set no maximum.
  10. In the Max Sessions Per User field, type the maximum number of concurrent sessions that one user can start. Type 0 to set no maximum.
  11. In the Max In Progress Sessions Per Client IP field, type the maximum number of concurrent sessions that one client IP address can support. Type 0 to set no maximum.
  12. Select the Restrict to Single Client IP check box to restrict the current session to a single IP address. This setting associates the session ID with the IP address. Upon a request to the session, if the IP address has changed the request is redirected to a logout page, the session ID is deleted, and a log entry is written to indicate that a session hijacking attempt was detected. If such a redirect is not possible, the request is denied and the same events occur.
  13. To configure logout URIs, in the Configurations area, type each logout URI in the URI field, and then click Add.
  14. In the Logout URI Timeout field, type the delay in seconds before logout occurs for the customized logout URIs defined in the Logout URI Include list.
  15. To configure SSO:
    • For users to log in to multiple domains using one SSO configuration, skip the settings in the SSO Across Authentication Domains (Single Domain mode) area. You can configure SSO for multiple domains only after you finish the initial access profile configuration.
    • For users to log in to a single domain using an SSO configuration, configure settings in the SSO Across Authentication Domains (Single Domain mode) area, or you can configure SSO settings after you finish the initial access profile configuration.
  16. In the Domain Cookie field, specify a domain cookie, if the application access control connection uses a cookie.
  17. In the Cookie Options setting, specify whether to use a secure cookie.
    • If the policy requires a secure cookie, select the Secure check box to add the secure keyword to the session cookie.
    • If you are configuring an LTM access scenario that uses an HTTPS virtual server to authenticate the user and then sends the user to an existing HTTP virtual server to use applications, clear this check box.
  18. If the access policy requires a persistent cookie, in the Cookie Options setting, select the Persistent check box. This sets cookies if the session does not have a webtop. When the session is first established, session cookies are not marked as persistent; but when the first response is sent to the client after the access policy completes successfully, the cookies are marked persistent. Persistent cookies are updated for the expiration timeout every 60 seconds. The timeout is equal to session inactivity timeout. If the session inactivity timeout is overwritten in the access policy, the overwritten value will be used to set the persistent cookie expiration.
  19. From the SSO Configurations list, select an SSO configuration.
  20. In the Language Settings area, add and remove accepted languages, and set the default language. A browser uses the highest priority accepted language. If no browser language matches the accepted languages list, the browser uses the default language.
  21. Click Finished.
The access profile appears in the Access Profiles List.
To add an SSO configuration for multiple domains, click SSO / Auth Domains on the menu bar. To provide functionality with an access profile, you must configure the access policy. The default access policy for a profile denies all traffic and contains no actions. Click Edit in the Access Policy column to edit the access policy.

Configuring an access policy

You configure an access policy to provide authentication, endpoint checks, and resources for an access profile. This procedure configures a simple access policy that adds a logon page, gets user credentials, submits them to an authentication type of your choice, then allows authenticated users, and denies others.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Access Profiles. The Access Profiles List screen opens.
  2. Click the name of the access profile you want to edit.
  3. On the menu bar, click Access Policy.
  4. For the Visual Policy Editor setting, click the Edit access policy for Profile policy_name link. The visual policy editor opens the access policy in a separate window or tab.
  5. Click the (+) icon anywhere in the access policy to add a new action item. A popup screen opens, listing predefined actions on tabs such as General Purpose, Authentication, and so on.
  6. On the Logon tab, select Logon Page and click the Add Item button. The Logon Page Agent properties screen opens.
  7. Click Save. The Access Policy screen reopens.
  8. On the rule branch, click the plus sign (+) between Logon Page and Deny.
  9. Set up the appropriate authentication and client-side checks required for application access at your company, and click Add Item.
  10. Change the Successful rule branch from Deny to Allow and click the Save button.
  11. If needed, configure further actions on the successful and fallback rule branches of this access policy item, and save the changes.
  12. At the top of the screen, click the Apply Access Policy link to apply and activate your changes to this access policy.
  13. Click the Close button to close the visual policy editor.

Assigning resources to a user

Before you start this task, you must have created an access profile.
You can add the advanced resource assign action to an access policy to add a network access resource, portal access resources, application tunnel resources, SAML resources, and remote desktop resources to an access policy branch. You can also assign ACLs, webtops, and webtop links with the advanced resource assign action.
Important: Do not assign a webtop for a portal access connection configured for minimal patching mode. This configuration does not work.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Access Profiles. The Access Profiles List screen opens.
  2. Click the name of the access profile for which you want to edit the access policy. The properties screen opens for the profile you want to edit.
  3. On the menu bar, click Access Policy. The Access Policy screen opens.
  4. Click Edit Access Policy for Profile profile_name. The visual policy editor opens the access policy in a separate screen.
  5. On an access policy branch, click the (+) icon to add an item to the access policy. A popup screen displays actions on tabs, such as General Purpose and Authentication, and provides a search field.
  6. On the Assignment tab, select Advanced Resource Assign and click the Add Item button. The Advanced Resource Assign popup screen opens.
  7. In the Name field, type a name for the access policy item. This name is displayed in the action field for the access policy.
  8. Click the Add new entry button. A new resource line is added to the list.
  9. To assign resources, in the Expression area, click the Add/Delete link. The Resource Assignment popup screen opens.
  10. Assign resources to the access policy using the available tabs.
    Tab Description
    Static ACLs Allows you to select one or more ACLs defined on the system. Each ACL you select is assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    Network Access Allows you to select a single network access resource from the system. You can select only one network access resource. The network access resource you select is assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    Portal Access Allows you to select one or more portal access resources from the system. The portal access resources you select are assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    App Tunnel Allows you to select one or more application tunnel resources from the system. The application tunnel resources you select are assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    Remote Desktop Allows you to select one or more remote desktop (terminal server) resources from the system. The remote desktop resources you select are assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    SAML Allows you to select one or more SAML resources from the system. The SAML resources you select are assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates. Select a full webtop to display SAML resources.
    Webtop Links Allows you to select links to pages and applications defined on the system to display on the full webtop. A full webtop must be assigned to display webtop links.
    Webtop Allows you to select a webtop from the system. The webtop resource you select is assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates. You can select a webtop that matches the resource type, or a full webtop.
    Static Pool Allows you to dynamically assign a predefined LTM pool to a session. This value takes precedence over any existing assigned pool attached to the virtual server. The static pool you select is assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    Note: You can also search for a resource by name in the current tab or all tabs.
  11. Click the Save button to save changes to the access policy item.
You can now configure further actions on the successful and fallback rule branches of this access policy item.
Click the Apply Access Policy link to apply and activate your changes to this access policy.

Adding connection resources to an access policy

Before you start this task, you must have an access profile created.
You add the resource assign action to an access policy to add a network access resource, portal access resources, application tunnel resources, and remote desktop resources to an access policy branch.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Access Profiles. The Access Profiles List screen opens.
  2. Click the name of the access profile for which you want to edit the access policy. The properties screen opens for the profile you want to edit.
  3. On the menu bar, click Access Policy. The Access Policy screen opens.
  4. Click Edit Access Policy for Profile profile_name. The visual policy editor opens the access policy in a separate screen.
  5. On an access policy branch, click the (+) icon to add an item to the access policy. A popup screen displays actions on tabs, such as General Purpose and Authentication, and provides a search field.
  6. On the Assignment tab, select Resource Assign and click the Add Item button. This opens the Resource Assignment popup window.
  7. In the Name field, type a name for the access policy item. This name is displayed in the action field for the access policy.
  8. On the Resource Assign screen, next to the type of resource you want to add, click the Add/Delete link. This expands the screen to display options for the resource you selected.
  9. To assign resources, select the options you want.
  10. Assign resources using the heading options on the screen.
    Option Description
    Network Access Allows you to select a single network access resource from the system. You can select only one network access resource. The network access resource you select is assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    Portal Access Allows you to select one or more portal access resources from the system. The portal access resources you select are assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    App Tunnel Allows you to select one or more application tunnel resources from the system. The application tunnel resources you select are assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    Remote Desktop Allows you to select one or more remote desktop (terminal server) resources from the system. The remote desktop resources you select are assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
    SAML Allows you to select one or more SAML resources from the system. The SAML resources you select are assigned to the access policy branch on which this resource assign action operates.
  11. Click the Save button to save changes to the access policy item.
You can now configure further actions on the successful and fallback rule branches of this access policy item. To assign a webtop and webtop links, add the Webtop and Links Assign action after this action.
Click the Apply Access Policy link to apply and activate your changes to this access policy.

Adding a webtop and webtop links to an access policy

You must have an access profile set up before you can start this task.
You can add the webtop and webtop links assign action to an access policy to add a webtop and webtop links to an access policy branch. Webtop links are displayed on a full webtop.
Important: Do not assign a webtop for a portal access connection configured for minimal patching mode. This configuration does not work.
  1. On the Main tab, click Access Policy > Access Profiles. The Access Profiles List screen opens.
  2. Click the name of the access profile for which you want to edit the access policy. The properties screen opens for the profile you want to edit.
  3. On the menu bar, click Access Policy. The Access Policy screen opens.
  4. Click Edit Access Policy for Profile profile_name. The visual policy editor opens the access policy in a separate screen.
  5. On an access policy branch, click the (+) icon to add an item to the access policy. A popup screen displays actions on tabs, such as General Purpose and Authentication, and provides a search field.
  6. On the Assignment tab, select the Webtop and Links Assign agent and click Add Item. The Webtop and Links Assignment screen opens.
  7. In the Name field, type a name for the access policy item. This name is displayed in the action field for the access policy.
  8. On the Webtop & Webtop Links Assignment screen, next to the type of resource you want to add, click the Add/Delete link. Available resources are listed.
  9. To assign resources, select the options you want.
  10. Click the Save button to save changes to the access policy item.
You can now configure further actions on the successful and fallback rule branches of this access policy item.
Click the Apply Access Policy link to apply and activate your changes to this access policy.

Access profile settings

You can configure the following settings in an access profile.

Setting Value Description and defaults
Name Text Specifies the name of the access profile.
Inactivity Timeout Number of seconds, or 0 Specifies the inactivity timeout for the connection. If there is no activity between the client and server within the specified threshold time, the system closes the current session. By default, the threshold is 0, which specifies that as long as a connection is established, the inactivity timeout is inactive. However, if an inactivity timeout value is set, when server traffic exceeds the specified threshold, the inactivity timeout is reset.
Access Policy Timeout Number of seconds, or 0 Designed to keep malicious users from creating a denial-of-service (DoS) attack on your server. The timeout requires that a user, who has followed through on a redirect, must reach the webtop before the timeout expires. The default value is 300 seconds.
Maximum Session Timeout Number of seconds, or 0 The maximum lifetime is from the time a session is created, to when the session terminates. By default, it is set to 0, which means no limit. When you configure a maximum session timeout setting other than 0, there is no way to extend the session lifetime, and the user must log out and then log back in to the server when the session expires.
Max Concurrent Users Number of users, or 0 The number of sessions allowed at one time for this access profile. The default value is 0 which specifies unlimited sessions.
Max Sessions Per User Number between 1 and 1000, or 0 Specifies the number of sessions for one user that can be active concurrently. The default value is 0, which specifies unlimited sessions. You can set a limit from 1-1000. Values higher than 1000 cause the access profile to fail.
Note: Only superAdmins and application editors have access to this field. No other admin roles can modify this field.
Max In Progress Sessions Per Client IP Number 0 or greater Specifies the maximum number of sessions that can be in progress for a client IP address. When setting this value, take into account whether users will come from a NAT-ed or proxied client address and, if so, consider increasing the value accordingly. The default value is 0 which represents unlimited sessions.
Note: Only superAdmins and application editors have access to this field. No other admin roles can modify this field.
Restrict to Single Client IP Selected or cleared When selected, limits a session to a single IP address.
Note: Only superAdmins and application editors have access to this field. No other admin roles can modify this field.
Logout URI Include One or more URIs Specifies a list of URIs to include in the access profile to initiate session logout.
Logout URI Timeout Logout delay URI in seconds Specifies the time delay before the logout occurs, using the logout URIs defined in the logout URI include list.
SSO Authentication Across Domains (Single Domain mode) or SSO / Auth Domains: Domain Cookie A domain cookie If you specify a domain cookie, then the line domain=specified_domain is added to the MRHsession cookie.
SSO / Auth Domains: Domain Mode Single Domain or Multiple Domains Select Single Domain to apply your SSO configuration to a single domain. Select Multiple Domain to apply your SSO configuration across multiple domains. This is useful in cases where you want to allow your users a single Access Policy Manager (APM) login session and apply it across multiple Local Traffic Manager or APM virtual servers, front-ending different domains.
Important: All virtual servers must be on one single BIG-IP system in order to apply SSO configurations across multiple domains.
SSO / Auth Domains: Primary Authentication URI URI The URI of your primary authentication server, for example https://logon.siterequest.com. This is required if you use SSO across multiple domains. You provide this URI so your users can access multiple back-end applications from multiple domains and hosts without requiring them to re-enter their credentials, because the user session is stored on the primary domain.
Cookie Options: Secure Enable or disable check box Enabled, this setting specifies to add the secure keyword to the session cookie. If you are configuring an application access control scenario where you are using an HTTPS virtual server to authenticate the user, and then sending the user to an existing HTTP virtual server to use applications, clear this check box.
Cookie Options: Persistent Enable or disable check box Enabled, this setting specifies to set cookies if the session does not have a webtop. When the session is first established, session cookies are not marked as persistent, but when the first response is sent to the client after the access policy completes successfully, the cookies are marked persistent.
Note: Persistent cookies are updated for the expiration timeout every 60 seconds. The timeout is equal to the session inactivity timeout. If the session inactivity timeout is overwritten in the access policy, the overwritten value is used to set the persistent cookie expiration.
Cookie Options: HTTP only

HttpOnly is an additional flag included in a Set-Cookie HTTP response header. Use the HttpOnly flag when generating a cookie to help mitigate the risk of a client-side script accessing the protected cookie, if the browser supports HttpOnly.

When this option is enabled, only the web access management type of access (an LTM virtual server with an access policy) is supported.

SSO Authentication Across Domains (Single Domain mode) or SSO / Auth Domains SSO Configuration Predefined SSO configuration SSO configurations contain settings to configure single sign-on with an access profile. Select the SSO configuration from the list that you want applied to your domain.
SSO / Auth Domains: Authentication Domains Multiple If you specify multiple domains, populate this area with hosts or domains. Each host or domain can have a separate SSO config, and you can set persistent or secure cookies. Click Add to add each host you configure.
Accepted Languages Language strings Adds a built-in or customized language to the list of accepted languages. Accepted languages can be customized separately and can present customized messages and screens to users, if the user's default browser language is one of the accepted languages. Select a language from the Factory Builtin Languages list and click the Move button (<<) to add it to the Accepted Languages list. Select a language from the Additional Languages list and click Add to add it to the Accepted Languages list.
Factory Builtin Languages Languages in a predefined list Lists the predefined languages on the Access Policy Manager system, which can be added to the Accepted Languages list. Predefined languages include customized messages and fields for common appearance items, as opposed to Additional Languages, which must be separately customized.
Additional Languages Languages in a predefined list Lists additional languages that can be added to the Accepted Languages list, and customized on the Access Policy Manager system. These languages are populated with English messages and fields and must be individually customized using the Customization menu, as opposed to Factory Builtin Languages, which are already customized.
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