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Manual Chapter: Usage Monitoring Over a Gx Interface
Manual Chapter
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Overview: Usage monitoring over a Gx interface

In Policy Enforcement Manager, you can create a rule within an enforcement policy that tells the system to send aggregated usage data concerning individual subscribers to a Policy and Charging Rules Function (PCRF). The rule specifies what type of traffic you are interested in, and one of the actions the system can take with the data collected is to send it for processing over a Gx interface to a PCRF.

The system sends the data in the standard Gx format. The report granularity must be set to session for Gx reporting to be available. The PCRF determines the policies for each subscriber, whether or not reporting is enabled, and how often to send the data.

For example, a rule might collect session-based information about all traffic destined to a particular IP address. The BIG-IP system communicates with the PCRF and sends information about the subscribers for whom reporting is enabled. You establish the connection to the PCRF by creating a listener with Gx interface enabled.

Task Summary

Creating a listener for subscriber discovery and policy provisioning

You can create listeners that specify how to handle traffic for policy enforcement. Creating a listener does preliminary setup tasks on the BIG-IP system for application visibility, intelligent steering, bandwidth management, and reporting. You can also connect with a Policy and Charging Rules Function (PCRF) over a Gx interface.
  1. On the Main tab, click Policy Enforcement > Listeners. The Listeners screen opens.
  2. Click Create. The New Listener screen opens.
  3. In the Name field, type a unique name for the listener.
  4. For the Destination setting, select Host or Network, and type the IP address or network and netmask to use.
    Tip: You can use a catch-all virtual server (0.0.0.0) to specify all traffic that is routed to the BIG-IP system.
    The system will create a virtual server using the address or network you specify.
  5. For the Service Port setting, type or select the service port for the virtual server.
  6. From the Protocol list, select the protocol of the traffic for which to deploy enforcement policies (TCP, UDP, or TCP and UDP). The system will create a virtual server for each protocol specified.
  7. To use network address translation, from the Source Address Translation list, select Auto Map. The system treats all of the self IP addresses as translation addresses.
  8. For the VLANs and Tunnels setting, move the VLANs and tunnels that you want to monitor from the Available list to the Selected list.
  9. For subscriber provisioning using RADIUS, ensure that Subscriber Identity Collection is set to RADIUS.
  10. For the VLANs and Tunnels setting, move the VLANs and tunnels that you want to monitor for RADIUS traffic from the Available list to the Selected list.
  11. In the Policy Provisioning area, select enforcement policies to apply to the traffic.
    1. For Global Policy, move policies to apply to all subscribers to High Precedence or Low Precedence.
    2. For Unknown Subscriber Policy, move policies to use if the subscriber is unknown to Selected.
    The system applies the global policy to all subscribers in parallel with the subscriber policies. High-precedence global policies override conflicting subscriber policies, and low-precedence policies are overridden by conflicting subscriber policies.
  12. To connect to a PCRF, from the Gx Interface list, select Enabled.
  13. In the Origin Host field, type the fully qualified domain name of the PCRF or external policy server, for example, pcrf.xnet.com.
  14. In the Origin Realm field, type the realm name or network in which the PCRF resides, for example, xnet.com.
  15. In the Destination Host field, type the destination host name of the PCRF or external policy server, for example, pcrfdest.net.com.
  16. In the Destination Realm field, type the realm name or network of the PCRF, for example, net.com.
  17. For the Pool Member Configuration setting, add the PCRF servers that are to be members of the Gx endpoint pool. Type the Member IP Address and Port number, then click Add.
  18. In the Message Retransmit Delay field, type the number of milliseconds to wait before retransmitting unanswered messages in case of failure from the BIG-IP system to the PCRF over the Gx interface. The default value is 1500.
  19. In the Message Max Retransmit field, type the maximum number of times that messages can be retransmitted from the BIG-IP system to the PCRF. The default value is 2.
  20. In the Fatal Grace Time field, type the time period in seconds that a diameter connection can remain disconnected before the system terminates all sessions associated with that diameter endpoint. The default value is 20.
  21. Click Finished. The Policy Enforcement Manager creates a listener, and displays the listener list.
When you create a listener, the Policy Enforcement Manager also creates virtual servers for each type of traffic (TCP, UDP, or both), and a virtual server for HTTP traffic. The system enables classification and assigns the appropriate policy enforcement profile to the virtual servers. The system also creates a virtual server for the Gx interface with a diameter endpoint profile. If you are connecting to a RADIUS authentication server, a virtual server for RADIUS is also added.

Creating a rule for usage monitoring

In an enforcement policy, a rule can specify that usage monitoring statistics concerning traffic affected by the rule are sent to a Gx interface.
  1. On the Main tab, click Policy Enforcement > Policies. The Policies screen opens.
  2. Click the name of the enforcement policy you want to add rules to. The properties screen for the policy opens.
  3. In the Policy Rules area, click Add. The New Rule screen opens.
  4. In the Name field, type a name for the rule.
  5. In the Precedence field, type an integer that indicates the precedence for the rule in relation to the other rules. Number 1 has the highest precedence. Rules with higher precedence are evaluated before other rules with lower precedence.
    Tip: All rules in policy are run concurrently. Precedence takes effect when there are conflicting rules. For example, if you have a rule 1 with precedence 10 with Gate Status disabled for Google and you have rule 2 with precedence 11 with Gate Status enabled, then rule 1 is implemented first because it has higher precedence.
  6. Use the Classification, Flow, and Custom Criteria tabs to identify the traffic that you want to be affected by this rule. Other tasks describe how to do this in detail.
  7. From the Reporting list, select Enabled.
  8. From the Report Granularity list, select Session. You can send only session-based reporting data over the Gx interface.
  9. For the Volume Threshold setting, specify, in octets, the amount of data to receive from the client, send to the client, and the total traffic volume before logging the information.
  10. For the Destination setting, specify these values:
    1. For Gx, select Enabled.
    2. In the Gx Monitoring Key field, type a string to use for usage monitoring of the service data that the enforcement policy rule or dynamic policy and charging control (PCC) rule controls.
  11. Click Finished.
You have created a rule that sends data about the traffic to the Gx interface in the standard Gx format.
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