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Archived Manual: BIG-IP Link Controller Reference Guide, version 4.3
Manual

Original Publication Date: 09/26/2007

This article has been archived, and is no longer maintained.



Table of Contents


Introduction

Getting started

Choosing a configuration tool

Using the Administrator Kit

Stylistic conventions
Finding additional help and technical support resources

Learning more about the BIG-IP product family

Additional Base Network Configuration

Overview of the base network configuration

Interfaces

Interface naming conventions
Displaying status and settings for interfaces
Media type and duplex mode

VLANs

Default VLAN configuration
Creating, renaming, and deleting VLANs
Configuring packet access to VLANs
Managing the Layer 2 forwarding table
Creating VLAN groups
Setting up security for VLANs
Setting fail-safe timeouts for VLANs
Setting the MAC masquerade address

Self IP addresses

Enabling or disabling SNAT automap

Trunks

Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)

Creating and deleting STP domains
Setting time intervals for an STP domain
Adding or deleting interfaces in an STP domain
Disabling and re-enabling an STP domain
Disabling and re-enabling interfaces in an STP domain
Restarting stpd

Port mirroring

Setting up a port mirror
Deleting interfaces from a port mirror or deleting a port mirror

Configuring the High-Level Network

Overview of the high-level network

Pools

Working with pools
Pool Name
Member specification
Load balancing method
Persistence
HTTP redirection
HTTP header insertion
Quality of Service (QoS) level
Type of Service (ToS) level
Disabling SNAT and NAT connections
Forwarding pools

Virtual servers

Standard virtual servers
Wildcard virtual servers
Virtual server options
Using other Link Controller features with virtual servers

Nodes

Services

Address translation: SNATs, NATs, and IP forwarding

SNATs
NATs
IP forwarding

Health monitors

Selecting the monitor template
Configuring a monitor
Monitor attributes
Associating the monitor with a node or nodes

The big3d Agent

Working with the big3d agent

Collecting path data and server performance metrics
Understanding factories run by big3d agents
Tracking LDNS probe states with the big3d agent

Overview of communications protocols

Communications for remote administration of the Link Controller
Communications for resolving DNS requests
Communications for collecting path data

Internet Link Evaluator

Overview of the Internet Link Evaluator

Working with the Average Round Trip Time table
Working with the Average Completion Rate table
Working with the Average Router Hops table

Interpreting the Internet Link Evaluator data

Inbound Load Balancing

Working with load balancing modes for inbound traffic

Understanding inbound load balancing on the Link Controller

Using static load balancing modes
Using dynamic load balancing modes

Configuring inbound load balancing

Understanding wide IPs
Understanding wide IP pools
Defining a wide IP
Using wildcard characters in wide IP names
Using the LDNS round robin wide IP attribute

Setting up load balancing for services that require multiple ports

Monitoring and Administration

Monitoring and administration utilities

Using the bigpipe utility as a monitoring tool

Monitoring the Link Controller
Monitoring virtual servers, virtual addresses and services
Monitoring nodes and node addresses
Monitoring NATs
Monitoring SNATs
Viewing the status of the interface cards

Using the Configuration utility for administration and monitoring

Adding a user
Customizing the Configuration utility
Configuring SNMP

Working with the Syslog utility

Sample log messages

Powering down the Link Controller

Removing and returning items to service

Removing the Link Controller from service
Removing individual virtual servers, virtual addresses, and ports from service
Removing individual nodes and node addresses from service
Viewing the currently defined virtual servers and nodes

Viewing system statistics and log files

Viewing system statistics
Viewing log files

Printing the connection table

Changing passwords

Changing passwords and adding users for the Configuration utility

Working with the BIG/stat utility

Additional Setup Options

Overview of additional setup options

Defining additional host names

Using the MindTerm SSH Console

Downloading the SSH client to your administrative workstation

Downloading the SSH client from the web server
Setting up the SSH client on a Windows 95 or Windows NT workstation
Setting up the SSH client on a UNIX workstation

Addressing general networking issues

Addressing routing issues
Configuring DNS on the Link Controller
Configuring email

Using a serial terminal with the Link Controller

Configuring a serial terminal in addition to the console
Configuring a serial terminal as the console
Forcing a serial terminal to be the console

Configuring RADIUS or LDAP authentication

Configuring RADIUS login support
Configuring LDAP login support
Allowing multiple authentication styles
Requiring different authentication styles for different applications

Configuring a Redundant System

Overview of a redundant system

Synchronizing configurations between units

Configuring fail-safe settings

Arming or disarming fail-safe on a VLAN

Mirroring connection information

Commands for mirroring
Mirroring virtual server state
Mirroring SNAT connections

Using gateway fail-safe

Adding a gateway fail-safe check

Using network-based fail-over

Setting a specific Link Controller to be the preferred active unit

Configuring SNMP

Introducing SNMP on the Link Controller

Downloading the MIBs

Configuring SNMP using the Configuration utility

Setting up client access
Configuring system information
Configuring traps

SNMP configuration files

/etc/hosts.deny
/etc/hosts.allow
/etc/snmpd.conf
/etc/snmptrap.conf
Syslog

Configuring snmpd to send responses out of different ports or addresses

bigpipe Command Reference

bigpipe commands

-?

config

Options
Saving configuration files to an archive
Installing an archived configuration file
Synchronizing configuration files

conn

Displaying all current connections
Displaying connections for a specific virtual server
Displaying standby connections

default_gateway

Options

failover

Options
Changing failover state
Displaying failover status
Initializing failover state

global

-h and -help

interface

Options
Displaying interface information
Setting the media type
Setting the duplex mode
Resetting statistics
Enabling or disabling an interface
Changing driver name mapping

load

maint

merge

mirror

Options
Displaying port mirroring
Creating a port mirror
Deleting interfaces from a port mirror
Deleting a port mirror

monitor

Options
Creating a monitor
Modifying a monitor
Creating a monitor instance
Modifying a monitor instance
Deleting a monitor
Deleting a monitor instance
Displaying monitor templates
Displaying monitor instances
Monitor templates

-n

nat

Options
Defining a NAT
Deleting a NAT
Additional Restrictions

node

Options
Displaying nodes
Modifying nodes

pool

Options
Displaying a pool
Creating a pool
Modifying a pool
Deleting a pool
Specifying HTTP redirection

ratio

Options
Displaying ratio settings
Modifying ratio settings

reset

save

self

Options
Creating self IP addresses

service

Options

snat

Options
Defining a SNAT
Deleting SNAT

stp

Options

summary

trunk

Options

unit

verbose

verify

version

virtual

Options
Defining a virtual server using pools and rules
Defining a virtual server with a wildcard port
Deleting a virtual server

vlan

Options

vlangroup

Options

Glossary