The BIG-IP® Platform Guide for the Hewlett-Packard® ProLiant DL380 Generation 3 Server Appliance is designed to help you install and activate the BIG-IP software on Hewlett-Packard ProLiant DL380 G3 system.
Before you begin installing the BIG-IP software, we recommend that you refer to the following parts of the BIG-IP software documentation.
All of the BIG-IP documentation is available for download from the BIG-IP system CD. To access the documentation on the CD, place the disk in a computer with a Windows® operating system that supports autorun. The operating system opens a browser page that lists all of the documents and resources available from the CD.
Once you have looked through the BIG-IP documentation and have some basic familiarity with the BIG-IP software, you can begin to install the BIG-IP software on your Hewlett-Packard ProLiant DL380 G3 system. The following section gives you a brief overview of the tasks you have to complete.
To get the BIG-IP software up and running on the Hewlett-Packard ProLiant DL380 G3 system, you complete six basic tasks:
The BIG-IP software delivers an easy-to-use solution for deploying and managing local area traffic. The software provides a scalable and secure platform where you can build and deploy web-based applications for intranet, extranet, or Internet environments. The BIG-IP software network solutions include:
To see an example of the most common network application of the BIG-IP system, see Setting up a basic BIG-IP software configuration, on page 1-13 .
For detailed hardware installation and configuration information, refer to the Hewlett-Packard ProLiant DL380 G3 system documentation.
Before you install the hardware, you should review, in the following sections, the general information on how to optimize your server hardware for the BIG-IP software.
The BIG-IP software provides support for the graceful shutdown of the system.
If you are running the BIG-IP software on the Hewlett-Packard ProLiant DL380 G3 system, you must disable hyper-threading.
To disable hyper-threading
If you purchased a hardware-based redundant system, you also received one failover cable to connect the two HP DL380 G3 units together (network-based redundant systems do not require a failover cable).
If you have a hardware-based redundant system, connect the failover cable to the serial port on each unit. Note that with this platform you can use the serial port as either a hardwired failover connector for units in a redundant system, or as a serial console. The serial port is, by default, configured as a serial console. To use the serial port for fail over, you must change the default settings for both BIG-IP units. To configure the serial port for hardwired failover, type the following commands for each unit in the redundant system:
b db set Common.Bigip.Failover.UseTty00 = 1
b db set Common.Bigip.Failover.UseTty01 = 0
To activate the failover settings, you must reboot both BIG-IP units.
Once you install and activate the BIG-IP software on a ProLiant DL380 G3 system, making any hardware changes on the server may require the assistance of F5 Networks® Technical Support.
Figure 1.1 shows the most basic kind of BIG-IP system configuration. In it, the BIG-IP system sits between a router and an array of content servers, and load balances inbound Internet traffic across those servers. (For an introduction to more complex solutions, including load balancing of outbound traffic across firewalls and routers, refer to the BIG-IP Solutions Guide, Chapter 1, BIG-IP System Overview.)
Once you have properly installed the hardware, you are ready to install the BIG-IP software. You can install the software one of two ways. You can install the software directly from the CD-ROM drive on the Proliant DL380 platform or you can use the network boot procedure known as a Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE).
To install the BIG-IP software on the Hewlett-Packard ProLiant DL380 G3 system, insert the CD into the system, and restart the system from the CD-ROM drive. Follow the prompts to complete the installation process.
To install the BIG-IP software on the Hewlett-Packard ProLiant DL380 G3 system, you can use the network boot procedure known as a Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE). The BIG-IP software installation disk supports configuring a host to act as a PXE server. Complete the following tasks to install the BIG-IP software:
To begin the installation process, select a host machine that can act as a PXE server. The machine you select must:
Connect the PXE server to NIC 1 of the Proliant DL380 G3 system.
After you have connected the host to the Proliant DL380 G3, insert the CD into the host, and reboot the system from the CD-ROM drive, as appropriate. You can now configure the host as a PXE server.
To configure the host as a PXE server
To use an existing DHCP server on the subnet:
To set up the host as the DHCP server:
IP network [10.1.10]?
IP address of server 10.1.10[n] ?
Lower range for clients 10.1.10.[n] ?
Upper range for clients 10.1.10.[n] ?
Once you have configured the PXE server, you must connect to the Proliant DL380 G3 system either through the integrated Lights-Out (iLO) control panel or the KVM console to install the BIG-IP software.
The Integrated Lights-Out (iLO) control panel is the central management program used by the ProLiant DL380 G3 system. This program allows you to load the BIG-IP software using the PXE server. The program offers both a web and a command line interface.
The Hewlett-Packard ProLiant DL380 G3 system has two BIG-IP accessible onboard NICs, and three expansion PCI-X slots. By convention, the Ethernet interfaces on the platform take the name <s>.<p>, where s is the slot number of the NIC, and p is the port number on the NIC. Slot numbering for the DL380 G3 system is bottom-to-top, and port numbering is right-to-left. The two onboard NICs are numbered 1.1 and 1.2. The numbers 2, 3, and 4 in Table 1.1 illustrate the slot numbering for the PCI expansion slots. For example, if you installed a single port NIC in the PCI slot marked 2, the port number would be 3.1
NIC 1 (right)
NIC 2 (left)
PCI slot 1 (bottom)
PCI slot 2
PCI slot 3 (top)
Once you have loaded the BIG-IP software onto the ProLiant DL380 G3 system, you must have a valid license certificate to activate the software. To gain a license certificate, you need to provide two items to the license server: a registration key and a dossier.
The registration key is a 25-character string that lets the license server know which F5 Networks products you are entitled to license. If you downloaded the BIG-IP software, you should have received the registration key by email. Otherwise, you can find it on the back of the CD case.
You obtain the dossier from the BIG-IP kernel; the dossier is an encrypted list of key platform characteristics that the BIG-IP software uses to identify the platform and to enforce or restrict activation on the platform.
You can obtain a license certificate using one of the following methods:
To automatically activate a license from the command line
Select interface to use to retrieve license
The Registration Key should have been included with the BIG-IP software or given when the order was placed.
Do you have your Registration Key? [Y/N]:
To automatically activate a license using the Configuration utility
To manually activate a license using the Configuration utility
\xa5 Copy the entire contents of the Product Dossier box.
\xa5 Click Download Product Dossier, and save the dossier to the hard drive.
\xa5 In the Enter your dossier box, paste the data you just copied, and click Activate.
\xa5 At the Product Dossier box, click Browse to locate the dossier on the hard drive, and click Activate.
The screen returns a signed license file.
\xa5 Copy the entire contents of the signed license file.
\xa5 Click Download license, and save the license file to the hard drive.
\xa5 Into the License Server Output box, paste the data you have copied, and click Install License.
\xa5 At the License File box, click Browse to locate the license file on the hard drive, and click Install License.
The License Status screen displays the status messages, and the message Process complete appears when the BIG-IP software has finished activating the license.
Once you activate the license, the next step in the process is to run the Setup utility. The Setup utility defines the initial configuration settings required to install the BIG-IP system into the network.
See the BIG-IP Reference Guide, Part II, The Base Network for full details and instructions on running the Setup utility. You can download the guide from the CD.
The most common application of the BIG-IP software is to distribute traffic across an array of web servers that host standard web traffic, including e-commerce traffic. Figure 1.2 shows a configuration where a BIG-IP system load balances two sites: www.siterequest.com and store.siterequest.com. The www.siterequest.com site provides standard Web content, and the store.siterequest.com site is the e-commerce site that sells items to www.siterequest.com customers.
To set up load balancing for these sites, you need to create two pools that are referenced by two virtual servers, one for each site. Even though the sites are related and may even share the same IP address, each requires its own virtual server. This requirement exists because each site uses a different port to support its particular protocol: port 80 for the HTTP traffic going to www.siterequest.com, and port 443 for the SSL traffic going to store.siterequest.com. Note that this is true even when there are both a port 80 and a port 443 on the same physical server, as is the case with Server 2.
For specific information on how to create pools and virtual servers, see the BIG-IP Reference Guide, Part III, The High-Level Network.
Each time you perform a clean installation, you completely delete all configuration data. Therefore, we recommend that each time you perform a new installation or upgrade of the BIG-IP software, you also back up the configuration data and license information, and store it in a remote location. Completing this backup ensures that you have retained your configuration data and license information in case you need to recover the BIG-IP software in the future.
You perform backups by running the bigpipe config save command on the client system. This command creates a User Configuration Set (.ucs) file that you can copy to a remote location. If you need to perform a recovery, you can copy this file from its remote location back to your local system prior to running the bigpipe config install command. You can also perform a backup or recovery from the Configuration utility.
To back up or recover a configuration using the Configuration utility
To back up a configuration:
To restore a configuration:
For specific information on how to perform a backup or recovery from the Configuration utility, see the online help for the System Admin/Configuration Management screen.
For detailed information on backup and recovery procedures, see the Technical Note BIG-IP Backup and Recovery; you can find this on the F5 Networks technical support web site (http://tech.f5.com).
If you have a working system and are performing a clean installation, you can update your configuration data simply by running the bigpipe config save /config.ucs command. This command automatically rolls your current configuration data to the new version of the BIG-IP software that you are installing. Although this method of retaining your configuration data is reliable, we recommend that you also store a copy of your configuration data in a remote location.
You can use the following resources to find additional technical information about BIG-IP software: