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Archived Manual: BIG-IP Controller Administrator Guide, version 3.0
Manual

Original Publication Date: 02/07/2000

This article has been archived, and is no longer maintained.



Introduction to the BIG/ip Controller Administrator Guide

Welcome to the BIG/ip Controller Administrator Guide

BIG/ip Controller specifications

Internet protocol and network management support
Security features
Configuration scalability
Configuration and monitoring tools
Load balancing options
IP packet filtering, rate classes, and rate filters
Configurable persistence for e-commerce and dynamic content sites
BIG/ip Controller platform options

Finding help and technical support resources

What's new in version 3.0

Active-active redundant controllers
Intelligent traffic control (ITC)
Versatile interfaces
Per-connection routing
Secure forwarding virtual servers
Transparent virtual servers
Virtual server port translation
Reset connections on service down
Cookie persistence hash mode
Enhancements to configuration and monitoring tools

Working with Special Features

Introducing special features

Using specialized load balancing modes

Understanding individual load balancing modes
Setting the global load balancing mode

Controlling network access and traffic flow with filters

IP filters
Rate filters and rate classes

Working with more than two interface cards

Configuring additional interfaces with the First-Time Boot utility
Specifying an interface for a virtual address
Specifying an interface for a NAT address
Specifying an interface for a SNAT address
Routing with multiple NICs
Example configurations for more than two NICs
Configuration example: One gateway
Configuration example: Two gateways

Optimizing large configurations

Reducing ARP traffic on the external network
Reducing the number of node pings and service checks issued by the BIG/ip Controller

Using the versatile interface configuration options

Destination route and translation processing
Source translation processing
Interface security

Using advanced virtual server options

Using per-connection routing
Configuring forwarding virtual servers
Configuring transparent virtual servers
Using virtual server port translation
Resetting connections on service down

Working with Intelligent Traffic Control

Introducing Intelligent Traffic Control (ITC)

More flexible load balancing using pools and members

Load balancing pools
Selecting a load balancing pool using a rule (BIG/ip Controller HA versions only)
Configuring rules from the command line or in the
F5 Configuration utility
Configuring virtual servers that reference rules from the
command line or in the F5 Configuration utility
A comparison of load balancing configuration from previous versions of the BIG/ip Controller

Working with Advanced Service Check Options

Introducing advanced service check options

Setting up ECV service checks for transparent nodes
Introducing EAV service checks
Setting up custom EAV service checks
Using the EAV pingers bundled with the BIG/ip Controller

Working with Advanced Persistence Options

Introducing advanced persistence options

Using HTTP cookie persistence
Using destination address affinity (sticky persistence)
Using persist mask on a virtual server
Maintaining persistence across virtual servers that use the same virtual addresses
Maintaining persistence across all virtual servers

Working with Advanced Redundant System Features

Introducing advanced redundant system options

Mirroring connection and persistence information
Using gateway fail-safe
Using network-based fail-over

Setting a specific BIG/ip Controller to be the preferred active unit

Active-active redundant controllers

Configuring an active-active system
Active-active system fail-over
Additional active-active BIG/db configuration parameters
New active-active bigpipe commands
Running mixed versions of BIG/ip Controller software in
active-active mode
Returning an active-active installation to active/standby mode

Using Advanced Network Configurations

Introducing advanced network configurations

nPath routing

Defining a virtual server with address translation disabled
Setting the route through the BIG/ip Controller
Setting the idle connection time-out

Per-connection routing

ISP load balancing

Configuring interfaces for the additional internet connection
Configuring virtual servers for an additional internet connection

Firewall load balancing

Configuring interfaces for the firewall sandwich
Configuring virtual servers for a firewall sandwich

VPN load balancing

Configuring interfaces for VPN load balancing
Configuring virtual servers for VPN load balancing

VPN and router load balancing

Configuring interfaces for VPN load balancing
Configuring virtual servers for VPN and router load balancing

SNAT and virtual servers combined

One IP network topology with one interface

One IP network topology with two interfaces

Setting up 802.1q VLAN trunk mode

Adding VLAN tag definitions to /etc/netstart
Adding VLAN tag definitions to BIG/db
Configuring multiple VLANs on one interface
To enable or disable VLAN tags on the command line
Using ifconfig to add another VLAN
Using netstat to view VLAN tags
Disabling and enabling VLAN tags using the F5 Configuration utility

Monitoring and Administration

Monitoring and administration utilities provided on the
BIG/ip Controller

Using the BIG/pipe command utility as a monitoring tool

Monitoring the BIG/ip Controller
Monitoring virtual servers, virtual addresses, and services
Monitoring nodes and node addresses
Monitoring NATs
Monitoring SNATs

Working with the BIG/stat utility

Working with the BIG/top utility

Working with the Syslog utility

Removing and returning items to service

Removing the BIG/ip Controller from service
Removing individual virtual servers, virtual addresses, and
ports from service
Removing individual nodes and node addresses from service
Viewing the currently defined virtual servers and nodes

Viewing system statistics and log files

Viewing system statistics
Viewing log files

Printing the connection table

Changing passwords for the BIG/ip Controller

Changing the BIG/ip Controller password
Changing passwords and adding new user IDs for the BIG/ip web server

Working with the BIG/db database

Using bigdba

Configuring SNMP

Working with SNMP on the BIG/ip Controller

Configuring SNMP on the BIG/ip Controller

Downloading the MIBs
Understanding configuration file requirements
Configuring options for the checktrap script

Glossary